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The FBI’s Vicious Lies About Martin Luther King Jr.

Sun, 2019-08-18 23:37

The FBI’s Vicious Lies About Martin Luther King Jr.

The US Government was found to be complicit in the murder of Dr. Martin Luther King. Jr.

AFRICANGLOBE – David J. Garrow whose article “The troubling legacy of Martin Luther King” uses Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) records to speak of “the great civil rights leader as a sexual libertine who ‘laughed’ as a forcible rape took place,” has been referred to as a “progressive” historian. Historians are expected to tell the truth about the past and how they arrive at the truth, irrespective of whether they are viewed as progressive or regressive or progressive-regressive or regressive in the beginning but progressive later on or the other way round. In fact the rest of the world has slightly different meanings for most of the terms used in the United States such as “progressive,” “left” and “right” except perhaps Canada and Australia, which have a similar political ethos. Martin Luther King himself is anything but avowedly “left” since like Gandhi he was a deeply religious man who had a personal take on a lot of things that were his own insights eventually translated into action.

The Martin Luther King in the FBI records is not someone who is subject to ordinary “human” frailties but portrayed as a sex predator from a James Bond movie who will stoop to any level to get what he wants. There is no reason on earth why this portrayal should be seen as real in comparison to the man who led the civil rights campaign and created the conditions for the United States having the first Black president four decades later. Martin Luther King’s “liberal” defenders are eager to show him as “human” and the problem with this so-called “human” perspective is that we are ignoring the equally “human” or less-than-human Director of the FBI, J. Edgar Hoover, an evil and ruthless man, who in fact eminently qualifies for a cold-blooded villain from a Hollywood movie.

My primary objection to King’s portrayal in the records is that if any of the wild stuff attributed to him were remotely true why would the FBI not leak it to the media in the 1960s itself and destroy the moral basis of the campaign by showing its most prominent leader in a poor light? Why preserve this stuff for posterity to make a judgment on King’s personal life in relation to his public persona? Another objection is: where is the victim of the “forcible” rape (someone should know that rape is the exercise of force without consent, without having to call it “forcible”) that King found amusing? Where are any of the people that these things happened to? How is it that the police in Oslo [Norway] did not maintain any records on what Martin Luther King and his friends were up to in December 1964 on the night before he received the Nobel Prize “when King’s group was running naked, drunk white prostitutes up and down the halls of the hotel”? It is impossible that an incident like this would have escaped public notice or police records. A man who comes to take the Nobel Prize, especially someone of Martin Luther King’s stature is not an ordinary person that no one is bothered with. I am seriously not waiting for 31 January 2027 to find out what these doctored tapes and cooked-up evidence are all about.

If there is one thing I know from experience it is that people who hate you will make up any lies against you. We are here talking about a man who, if he lived long enough, might have led the American public in the direction of a humane country that cared for the world instead of trying to maim and kill innocent people in the non-western parts of the globe. With his emphasis on nonviolence one can imagine how much hatred and fear King must have inspired in the American establishment. The credibility of the surveillance tapes and the desperation of the men who made these extensive notes are evident to those who wish to see. Simply for lack of anything better these men are willing to say and believe anything about King because it justifies their own Orientalist fantasies of a degenerate, corrupt Black man, an “Emperor Jones” of sorts who cannot handle power which he is morbidly caught up with, which is what they expect King to be rather than what he really is.

I don’t understand the American media and government’s mania for getting into people’s personal lives. What the United States as a nation suffers from is a disease called “sex in the head” syndrome. This syndrome is a dangerous concoction of Judeo-Christian morality straight from the vengeful God of the Old Testament combined with political correctness lethal enough to make extinct the Burmese python in a matter of days. A powerful patriarchy combined with a racist worldview makes it possible for a nation to be that way. One can see the belligerent attitude of the United States eager to attack Iran in order to satisfy its allies Saudi Arabia and Israel apart from acquiring cheap oil and selling weapons to governments that use them to murder dissenting voices.

The American media is busy coining new terms everyday for imaginary mental problems, which are not about sensitising people but just about making them aggressively self-centred with no notion that there are others on this planet beside themselves. People don’t just need words or to be talking about their feelings all the time. This is why you see how much is invested in American popular culture in talking about “sex” and having a “sex life” as if that is the only means to individual liberation. “I refuse to grow up” is not an escape from neurosis; it is the neurosis that America as a nation needs to come out of. I don’t understand why a “sex” scandal has to be invented to degrade a man as if people are completely normal other than in their sex lives; as if a sex life is the only yardstick by which a person could be measured; as if there is no deeper meaning to people’s actions except what they do in their bedrooms.

The unforgivable legal correctness that complements personal freedoms is meant to tell the ordinary citizens: you do what you like but you are being watched and monitored. The average American is actually made to believe that he or she is free without in fact being so. Being freer than someone in Iran or Saudi Arabia doesn’t translate into what personal freedom is all about. It is about the choice to be what you really are and who you wish to be; not live up to an image of a consumerist society bombarded upon you day in and day out relentlessly until you finally submit for lack of will more than anything else. It is a country where choices are sold on a daily basis by the media and the culture industry. You can only be a half-decent buyer of choices in a place like the United States. This is the broader outlook to the surveillance on Martin Luther King by the FBI that needs to be understood.

Powerful nations like powerful people don’t understand emotional and moral conflicts. Conflicts are a sign of emotional intelligence and sensitive men and women usually have them. They reach out to the world by working through their conflicts. That is what Martin Luther King was all about. He was a man with serious conflicts without simple resolutions of any kind. His detractors and haters are mediocre people who need recipes to survive because they have no idea what it means to be themselves outside the recipe.

Einstein is right when he says that, “The mediocre mind is incapable of understanding the man who refuses to bow blindly to conventional prejudices and chooses instead to express his opinions courageously and honestly.” Mediocrity and cynicism are intimate bedfellows that thrive on reducing human beings to a formula. This is the context to the cynicism and mediocrity of a nation like the United States that cannot believe in human goodness. This is why they need to dig into King’s personal life for anything that they can find to incriminate him and prove him to be guilty of shameful misconduct because it fits in their own warped image of human nature.

A mediocre agency like the FBI with a leader who ought to have been serving a sentence for untold crimes and a society steeped in cynicism are incapable of understanding what moral, psychological and physical effort it needs for someone to be a Martin Luther King; such organisations and such a society are to be unequivocally condemned for the death of Martin Luther King and the attempts to destroy his message by tarnishing his image in the vilest terms possible.

David Garrow’s article is as titillating as the juicy stuff in the FBI records. This is a history of salacious gossip that used to be enormously stimulating when I was a boy in the pre-internet days when pornographic material was difficult to obtain. A historian is responsible for what he or she believes, says and does. The article Garrow wrote ought to have waited until he found real evidence to substantiate the absurd claims made against Martin Luther King, which don’t seem to fall in place. That Bayard Rustin evinced an interest in the night life of Oslo is one thing. How does the FBI know it is another thing. How could a private discussion come to the knowledge of the FBI agent in a foreign country is a mystery to me!

I have no major issues with David Garrow winning the Pulitzer Prize for his biography on Martin Luther King. For a biographer who is much more aware of the complex life of Martin Luther King, I have objections to his “troubling” portrait of the Black leader based on lewd statements made by people who have nothing but contempt for what he stood for. Needless to say, King’s noble legacy that the world can be changed through kindness and charity will stand the test of time and the baseless accusations of fools.

 

By: Prakash Kona

Mr. Kona is professor of English Literature at the English and Foreign Languages University, Hyderabad in India. He is a novelist, essayist, poet and theorist.

The FBI’s Vicious Lies About Martin Luther King Jr.
AfricanGlobe.Net

Reparations: America Does Not Want To Repair The Past It Wants To Wipe Out Evidence Of It

Sun, 2019-08-18 22:52

Reparations: America Does Not Want To Repair The Past It Wants To Wipe Out Evidence Of It

Americas wealth was built on the backs of its Black population.

AFRICANGLOBE – The Atlanta University, led by W.E.B. Du Bois (America’s first sociologist), noted in the 1900s that Reconstruction, the period (1865–77) that followed the American Civil War, further destroyed Black America and consolidated political and socioeconomic power in the hands of Anglo-German Americans (ref. Black Reconstruction).

The prevailing propaganda that the American Reconstruction involved an Anglo-German attempt—to redress the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy on Africans in America—or to concede moral missteps has now been laid prostrate before our very eyes.

We can now examine its underlying intentions. The insidious idea that Reconstruction marked a turning point in the violent history of Anglo-German America from barbarously enslaving and oppressing Africans in America towards a united more democratic nation—towards a civilized country—in which all human beings aspired to liberty and happiness is no longer believed by those who care to look a little deeper into the white supremacist craft.

In other words, there’s one thing Reconstruction never accomplished: It never redressed, or repaired, the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy on Africans in America. Put another way, there’s one more thing that Reconstruction achieved: It doubled down on the violence of white supremacism, although in this doubling down, Anglo-German America had found an implicit method for continuing in its old violent ways against Blacks.

One hundred years after Reconstruction—and exactly some sixty years after the Atlanta University’s research into what prevailed in the ensuing years after Reconstruction—almost all of Africa America, now poorer than before, and more destitute than earlier, took to the streets to demand the redress owed to them and to demand a fulfillment of the promises made to them before the Civil War.

And what did the Anglo-Germanic leadership of the United States do? The leaders of the African American civil rights and African American socioeconomic rights movements—Malcolm X and MLK Jr.—were assassinated, sending the message loud and clear that the U.S. Federal government would continue to do as it wished. It could not negotiate with Blacks! The goal of the white supremacist leadership of the United States of America was yet again, as it had been during Reconstruction, not to address the legacy of slavery, and the legacy of continued socioeconomic deprivation against African Americans! No. Far from it. It was to quench all talk, and all dissent, from Blacks in America about unfulfilled promises.

During the Cold War, which ensued after World War II—when Germany bit more than it could chew, i.e. when it attempted to force white supremacy down everyone’s throats, but was beaten back by the Soviets—the U.S. was forced to concede to the world, to Africa, and to the Soviets, that yet again, explicit pontification of the superiority of the blonde, blue-eye Caucasians didn’t sit well with the rest of the world. However, what came out of the Cold War between the warring Anglo-German Americans and the Soviets, was not a complete turnaround in character—it was not a change from from warring violence to democratic ideals. No. What ensued in America was the invention of yet another tool for propaganda and for destroying Black communities in America even further.

To do this, without accosting the ire of the world, and, without raising eye-brows in Africa, where U.S. raw materials and minerals for projecting military power still lives in the ground, the U.S. Federal Government passed a bill called Civil Rights, a stagecraft, in which nothing regarding the redress promised to African Americans before Reconstruction was found. The inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy on Africans in America were left untouched. What’s telling on one hand is that poor whites, white women, white disabled men, white gay men and women, etc., became the center of the Civil Rights Act and Integration: becoming more employed; being admitted to schools and colleges more often and receiving handouts! The political, cultural and socioeconomic deprivation that transpired in Black communities as a result dwarfs the little gains that few Blacks made during Integration.

How exactly did the U.S. Federal government manage to pull the wool over every eye, especially after MLK and Malcolm X. had both been culled? Propaganda! So long as most Americans were forced to believe lies via the airwaves that Integration would work, or was working, and that African Americans were doing better socioeconomically, few questioned the impact of the policies of Integration on Black America in the same way that few (except for the Atlanta University) questioned the real impact of Reconstruction on Black America. The fact is, Integration, much like Reconstruction, has not worked in the interest of Black America, but has accomplished exactly what it was set-out to do in the first place: maintain and consolidate political and sociopolitical power in the hands of the Anglo-German state and federal leaders of the United States.

One thing becomes readily obvious throughout U.S. government machinations in Black America: What the U.S. State and Federal governments recognized as the Negro Problem was not the same thing that prominent African American writers of the day described. Whereas writers like Du Bois and Booker T. Washington viewed the “Negro problem” in America as the set of issues in Black America that needed reparative justice: a redress of the inequities of slavery and its political, social, and economic legacy on Africans in America, the U.S. governments, on the other hand, viewed the “Negro problem” as a white essentialist one. The U.S. government viewed the presence of Africans in America, particularly the Black family necessary for perpetuating the existence of Blacks in America—who could no longer be enslaved—as an existential problem that needed to be culled.

To this end, even Caucasian American politicians—who weren’t aware of the American project to get rid of the Negros in America—who spoke against policies fashioned against Black families were assassinated (JFK). When it was clear that several U.S. federal and state policies were a ploy to destroy the basic unit of Black communities, i.e. the Black family, few spoke against them. In fact, more and more propaganda surfaced to paint Black families and communities as naturally deviant, incapable of conjugal conditioning, and incapable of raising proper American families.

In fact, this flew in the face of facts. The Atlanta University, for instance, had shown that in the decades prior to the 1900s Black communities were more stable, i.e. they got married more, than all Caucasians in all of Germany (the European country). When the Moynihan Report on the Negro family—which wasn’t long, and which few have yet read—insisted on removing policies that hurt the Black family (like the yet to be noticed Mass Incarceration of Black men) and implement policies to help Black families, the U.S. federal and state governments refused, rather cooking up propaganda about Moynihan’s portrayals of Blacks in America as “racist.”

The reason why the U.S. federal and state governments are adamant about their stance on reparative justice in America, and the reason why the Black family has been so vilified in American film, academic research and public policy, is simply that the U.S. federal government and state officials were never ready to address reparative justice as a solution to a problem in America. Rather, the U.S. government views the “Negro family” as a problem in America that needs one solution: culling, no matter what, since the Negro family (according to the doctrines of whiteness) no longer needs to exist in a slave-plantation-free America.

Therefore, all the window dressing of Reconstruction, Integration, Civil Rights, and of color-blind America, all go to shroud the true impact of what all of American public state and federal policy in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries are meant and tailored to achieve—the significant culling of the Black family through vilifying Black men in the media daily, through mass incarceration, through throwing Black children into no-return-correctional facilities, through socioeconomic deprivation, and literally through police violence in America. White America’s goal (since the federal government is essentially Caucasian) is not the desire to repair the past (for this is just what it wants the rest of the world to believe), but the proclivity to wipe out all evidence of the past: to wipe out the Black family.

Reparations: America Does Not Want To Repair The Past It Wants To Wipe Out Evidence Of It
AfricanGlobe.Net

Nigerian Pastor Tased To Death By Chinese Police

Sun, 2019-08-18 22:28

Nigerian Pastor Tased To Death By Chinese Police

Black people are treated horribly in China, what are we going to do about it?

AFRICANGLOBE – There are heightened and widespread demands from Nigerians home and abroad for authorities in China to investigate the circumstances and actual reasons that led to the killing of a Nigerian pastor, Joseph Nwajueze in China.

The pastor, who was living with his wife, Chinwe, and four children in China, is reported to have been killed by security operatives while trying to escape arrest for alleged visa violations.

A security gadget believed to be a taser was allegedly used on the pastor, making him numb, and leading to his fall, which eventually led to his death, reports local media.

Reports have indicated that the Chinese security operatives in an attempt to capture the fleeing Nwajueze, used a security gadget to demobilise him, but the chairman for the Nigerians in the Diaspora Commission (NIDCOM), Abike Dabiri-Erewa, will buy none of that.

In a statement made through her media aide, Abdur-Rahman Balogun, Dabiri-Erewa said there could have been no justification for the killing, calling for thorough investigations into the incident.

She equally condemned the “stigmatisation” of Nigerians living in China, saying those who were found guilty of the country’s laws should be prosecuted.

In the meantime, Dabiri-Erewa has sent out a passionate caution to Nigerians living in the Asian country, asking them to abide by the laws and to stay clear of trouble. She also assured them, while commiserating with the family of the deceased, that the Nigerian government would do all it can to ensure justice prevails in this case as well as giving them assurance of their safety.

Pastor Joseph Nwajueze was born in Anambra in Nigeria.

Nigerian Pastor Tased To Death By Chinese Police
AfricanGlobe.Net

I Will Stay In My Lane – The Gantt Report

Sun, 2019-08-18 11:22

I Will Stay In My Lane – The Gantt Report

Lucius Gantt.

AFRICANGLOBE – Earlier this year, when the moving truck pulled out of my driveway in Tallahassee, Florida to take me home to Atlanta, I was smiling like a Black Cheshire cat.

Once back on the street in Atlanta, it seemed I was in an unknown territory. The city was nothing like I left it when I went to graduate school at The Washington Journalism Center.

I figured all I had to do upon my return was to contact my old employers at The Atlanta Journal, Cox Broadcasting Corporation or WSB-TV and find me a little media hustle to supplement my retirement income.

Not so fast my friends, it didn’t matter where I had worked or what professional experience I had. Today, Atlanta is not a “what you know” city, it is a “who you know” town.

No problem. I just picked myself up, dusted my professional ego off and proceeded to start my media career all over again.

The Black so-called power brokers in Atlanta, as in most urban communities, primarily love the professionals that the non -Blacks love.

The first time I picked up an Atlanta newspaper and turned to the editorial pages I saw a column written by Leonard Pitts, the same syndicated columnist whose column also appears in the Miami Herald.

I have to tell you, Pitts and Gantt once had differences of opinions that were highly publicized in major newspapers and other media outlets. Just Google Leonard Pitts and Lucius Gantt.

I love Leonard Pitts, DeWayne Wickham, Cynthia Tucker, William Raspberry and other Black opinion writers that have won or may have won journalism awards like “Pulitzer Prizes”. Opinion writers listed above are famous for writing for white newspapers and white readers.

Great Black writers like John Russwurm, Samuel Cornish, Ida Wells, Marvel Jackson Cooke, Mary Ann Shadd Cary and many others never won many similar awards because of their skin tones.

The Pulitzer Prize which is so coveted was started at Columbia University after Mr. Pulitzer left the school about $2,000,000 in his will.

The award recipients never tell you but Pulitzer was a hard core Republican, he was indicted for libel and some believe he was as biased as the current US President.

Anyway, some Black columnists will never ever be considered for any special recognition by conservative journalism award givers.

Don’t fret, in my opinion, the best Black writers don’t write for the newspapers and people that Columbia University likes, the best Black writers write for the people whether Columbia University likes and respects their writings or not!

Our community needs all kinds of different Black writers. We need liberal writers, conservative writers, radical writers and revolutionary writers.

The Gantt Report will stay in its lane. Like rappers rap about their experiences, I will continue to write about my experiences.

I write about love and happiness but I also write about exploitation, oppression, social degradation, hate, abuse and misuse.

I hope you enjoy The Gantt Report because the column will not change. The Gantt Report will always be a voice for the voiceless and continue to shine the light on the dark side of journalism and world societies.

I congratulate, respect and support the Black opinion columnists that feel they need to please the white newspaper owners that pay them.

White newspapers, like white political parties, will always believe they only need to hire someone with melanin. In other words, any Negro will do!

 

By: Lucius Gantt

Mr. Gantt is the author of “Beast Too: Dead Man Writing”. He can be contacted at www.allworldconsultants.net

I Will Stay In My Lane – The Gantt Report
AfricanGlobe.Net

This Mechanic Made The Switch To Become A Doctor At Age 47

Sun, 2019-08-18 00:46

This Mechanic Made The Switch To Become A Doctor At Age 47

Doctor Carl Allamby.

AFRICANGLOBE – For over 25 years, Carl Allamby ran his own auto repair business until 4 years ago when he decided to switch careers and began studying to become a doctor. Now, at 47-years old, he just graduated from medical school and hopes to inspire more young Black people to become doctors as well!

Allamby, who grew up in East Cleveland, started working at an auto parts store at the age of 16. He eventually ran his own business repairing cars and selling used cars. His customers liked his work and his business was booming. That’s when he decided to enroll in college to take a business course.

In 2006, decades after he finished high school, he started taking night classes at Ursuline College. But he put off taking a biology course thinking it wasn’t needed for his business. He only enrolled in the biology class when he was told that it was a requirement for him to graduate. He never knew that it would make him change his path.

His biology professor, Dr. Micah Watts, inspired him to consider a career in medicine. He said he once dreamed of being a doctor when he was a child but he put aside. One of the reasons why he didn’t pursue it at first is the lack of black doctors as role models for him to emulate.

After earning a business degree with a 3.98 GPA, Allamby began taking basic science courses at Cuyahoga Community College and got his second undergraduate degree from Cleveland State University. He continued his studies at Northeast Ohio Medical University after selling off his auto repair business.

Allamby excelled in all his classes while also being a husband and a father to his two children. He was even appointed by then-Gov. John Kasich to serve as the student representative on the NEOMED Board of Trustees.

Now, Allamby is completing his three-year residency in emergency medicine at the Cleveland Clinic Akron General Hospital. He was well-loved due to his amiable personality and outstanding academic records and work ethics. But above all, what could benefit his patients the most is his race.

“There are so many times throughout the different hospitals where I will walk in and (a black patient) will say, ‘Thank God there’s finally a brother here,'” Allamby told Cleveland.com. “I think you remove a lot of those barriers when there is a person there who looks like you.”

Black patients are known to respond better to black doctors. According to a 2018 study by the National Bureau of Economic Research, black men were more likely to share details with and heed the advice of black doctors.

But even though 13% of the U.S. population is black, only less than 6% of medical school graduates are black, according to the Association of American Medical Colleges.

Allamby is working to change that. He hopes to encourage more Black children to become doctors.

“When I speak at a junior high or high school, I tell the kids, ‘Hey, if you are interested in medicine, reach out to me,” he said, “because I will help you as much as I can.'”

Allamby started doing it with his family members, who each pursues a medical profession. His 23-year-old son, Kyle, is a firefighter who is pursuing a paramedic degree. Kyle’s twin sister, Kaye, is studying to be a registered nurse. His wife is a physical therapist.

“I have this big business plan,” Allamby said, “where my son will bring in the patient, I will save their life, and my wife will rehab them, and my daughter will take care of them while they’re in the hospital. And then they’ll get a free oil change on discharge.”

This Mechanic Made The Switch To Become A Doctor At Age 47
AfricanGlobe.Net

How The FBI Targeted Black Activists Over Violent White Supremacists

Sun, 2019-08-18 00:28

How The FBI Targeted Black Activists Over Violent White Supremacists

Black people in America have always been, and is still, public enemy number one, even while unarmed and peaceful.

AFRICANGLOBE – The FBI ranked Black nationalists and animal rights activists as bigger threats than white supremacists and terror groups like al-Qaida among their official counterterrorism priorities, according to leaked FBI documents obtained by The Young Turks.

The documents show that the FBI’s official Consolidated Strategy Guide, which lists the bureau’s counterterrorism priorities, continues to focus on so-called “black identity extremists,” well after the bureau assured Democrats in Congress that it would stop using the term after a 2017 internal FBI report that included the phrase was published by Foreign Policy.

In a 2018 strategy guide obtained by The Young Turks’ Ken Klippenstein, the FBI not only used the term but referred to “black identity extremists” as a “priority domestic terrorism target.” The documents did not mention any specific attacks, though it did list examples of high-profile white supremacist attacks, which were ranked a lower priority.

In 2019, the FBI did replace the term “black identity extremists” with the term “Racially Motivated Extremism,” according to the fiscal year 2018-20 counterterrorism strategy guides obtained by The Young Turks. Despite the new term, the threat guidance still included “Black Racially Motivated Extremism” in the definition.

“Racially Motivated Extremism … generally includes White Racially Motivated Extremism, previously referred to as White Supremacy Extremism, and Black Racially Motivated Extremism, previously referred to as Black Identity Extremism,” the document said.

In 2020, the FBI changed the term again to “Racial Motivated Violent Extremism” but still included most of the previous definition for “Black Identity Extremist.”

“RMVEs [Racially Motivated Violent Extremists] use force or violence in violation of criminal law in response to perceived racism and injustice in American society, or in an effort to establish a separate Black homeland or autonomous Black social institutions, communities, or governing organizations within the United States,” the 2020 guide said.

According to previous guides, the FBI believes that the threat originated from the Black Lives Matter movement in response to the 2014 murder of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri.

“The FBI judges BIE perceptions of police brutality against African Americans have likely motivated acts of pre-meditated, retaliatory lethal violence against law enforcement,” the 2018 guide said. “The FBI first observed this activity following the August 2014 shooting of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri, and the subsequent acquittal of police officers involved in that incident.”

The 2018 guide also revealed that the FBI intended to counter the threat of “black identity extremists” with an operation called IRON FIST, which included undercover operatives:

It is challenging to get sources into BIE groups, due to security measures these groups employ. The vetting process and time investment to gain access to leadership in BIE groups is very lengthy. The use of undercover employees and online covert employees in BIE investigations would provide valuable intelligence to assist in mitigating the threat. IRON FIST will accomplish this by identifying actionable intelligence to directly support the initiation of FBI investigations and augment current efforts directed against BIEs. … In addition, FBIHQ works to develop potential CHS [Confidential Human Sources] and conduct assessments on the current BIE CHS base. … Many BIEs are convicted felons who are prohibited possessors, therefore the FBI will continue to use their prohibited possessor status as a tactic to assist in mitigating the threat for potential violence.

While the FBI designated “black identity extremists” as a “priority” threat, the same documents referred to “White Supremacy Extremists” as a “medium threat.” The term was later rolled into the “Racially Motivated Extremism” term in 2019.

Though the Racially Motivated Extremism term was used to label “black identity extremists,” all the incidents of violence cited as examples in the guide referred to attacks carried out by white supremacists, such as the synagogue shootings in Pittsburgh and Poway, California, and the mosque attacks in Christchurch, New Zealand. Last month, FBI Director Christopher Wray said the majority of domestic terror cases the agency has investigated “are motivated by some version of what you might call white supremacist violence.”

Despite the rise in white supremacist violence, the FBI predicted in its 2018 guide that the threat posed by white supremacists would only decline.

“The FBI further judges ongoing attrition of national organized white supremacy extremist groups will continue over the next year, yielding a white supremacy extremist movement primarily characterized by locally organized groups, small cells, and lone offenders,” the guide said. “Infighting and lack of leadership have made it difficult for groups to organize nationally and to sustain their memberships and influence. The internet and the emergence of social media have also enabled individuals to engage the WSE movement without joining organized groups.”

The American Civil Liberties Union warned in a statement that there is “no indication that IRON FIST or any other programs used to target Black people for surveillance has been dismantled.”

“The Black Identity Extremist label is baseless, and earlier this year, bureau director Wray testified that the label is no longer in use. But, based on these documents, it appears that the FBI simply renamed the label,” said Nusrat Choudhury, deputy director of the ACLU’s racial justice program. “These documents suggest that the FBI under Trump continues to prioritize criminalizing Black dissent while minimizing the threat of white supremacy.”

 

By: Igor Derysh

How The FBI Targeted Black Activists Over Violent White Supremacists
AfricanGlobe.Net

More White Farmers Attacked And Killed In South Africa

Sat, 2019-08-17 23:34

More White Farmers Attacked And Killed In South Africa

Decades after the end of political apartheid in South Africa, economic apartheid continues with white settlers owning most of the country’s wealth and land.

AFRICANGLOBE – In South Africa the 2009/2019 decade saw an increase of 86% in farm and rural attacks and murders compared to 1990/1999, according to the Transvaal Agricultural Union (TAU).

The Silverton, Pretoria-headquartered organisation monitors attacks on members and non-members allegedly using information from local farmer associations and organisations, police and community policing forums as well as farm watch units.

The TSU incident register recorded 1125 farm attacks between 1990 and 1999. This grew to 1404 – a 25% increase – in 2000/2009. Over the past nine years TSU personnel have allegedly recorded 2616 attacks on farms, include farm owners and workers as well as buildings, implements and other equipment, an 86% increase.

The figures for farm murders over the same timeframes also show increases with 637 recorded in 1990/99, up by 25% to 799 in 2000/2009 and down in 2010/2019 to 586.

“The figures by themselves are shocking,” said TAU Deputy General Manager, retired Major General Chris van Zyl, adding they were 2022 lives – “members of the national agricultural community”.

He further pointed out the statistics showed 5148 times farm owners, their families and workers “feared for their lives”. Another concerning factor is torture being reported more often during farm attacks. This includes people burnt with irons and having limbs broken.

Van Zyl said the TAU was “fully aware” of South Africa’s national daily murder rate of 56. Quoting Institute of Security Studies (ISS) statistics he said there was a 17% increase in murders nationally over the past six years with the 2017/18 figure at “over 20000”.

The TAU is planning to meet with senior SA Police Service management, including national commissioner Khehla Sithole this month. Planned agenda items include “an agriculture friendly police reserve system”; reconfirmation of farm attacks and murders as priority crimes and ensuring rural security rather than farm attacks and murders.

More White Farmers Attacked And Killed In South Africa
AfricanGlobe.Net

Black-Owned Tech Company Invents Revolutionary Device To Help Manage Diabetes

Sat, 2019-08-17 02:00

Black-Owned Tech Company Invents Revolutionary Device To Help Manage Diabetes

Freddie Figgers.

AFRICANGLOBE – Freddie Figgers, founder of Figgers Health Systems, has released a one of a kind SMART glucose meter that allows for real-time accountability and monitoring with just one simple touch. Compatible with iOS/iPhone and Android systems, this FDA approved and patent pending device gathers information from test results and immediately uploads to the EHR (Electronic Health Records) for real-time, patient centered records (making information available instantaneously and securely to authorized users).

This device, is the most accurate glucose meter on the market today! The entire unit with strips can be purchased directly from the company’s website at FiggersHealth.com or ordered through his/her primary care physician.

With more than 1.5 million new cases of Americans diagnosed with diabetes every year it has become imperative for the health community to find avenues of accountability and treatment. The Figgers Health Smart Blood Glucose Monitoring System is designed to quantitatively measure the glucose concentration in fresh capillary whole blood samples drawn from the fingertips.

Accuracy of each test result is the priority of Figgers Health; so where traditional testing strips may only contain 3 or 4 electrodes, the Figgers Health glucose test strips has 8 electrodes to eliminate various interference during the testing process ensuring the best of results. All results are secure and shareable and only with the patients permission. Once uploaded, the results are then distributed to his/her physician/healthcare provider, relatives and lastly his/her personalized web portal. Along with being electronically shared, this pocket-sized device can also export one or all reports to Excel, PDF or CSV.

“I believe in People over Profit. Healthcare should be for all. I wanted to help others through accountability,” said Freddie Figgers, CEO and president of Figgers Health. “There are tons of options on the market, but none of them communicates with those important groups the way that the Figgers Health Smart Blood Glucose does. Everything about my device is not only user friendly, but sized to go anywhere and be used at anytime. Paired with a smart phone, love ones can be updated in real-time with just a click of a button.”

About Figgers Health

Figgers Health, a division of Figgers Communications, is a Florida based company with offices located in Miami and Tallahassee. It is currently one of the youngest companies to rival competitors such as One Touch and major pharmaceutical arms. FHs latest creation, the SMART Gluco 2 Wireless Monitoring System with Bluetooth is currently FDA approved and Patent Pending. Anchored on the premise of improving the lives of those who suffer from the disease of Diabetes; Figgers Health has accepted the charge and continues to keep the consumer at the forefront of its mission.

About Figgers Communications

Figgers Communications is a Florida based telecommunications company with offices in Miami and Tallahassee. The Figgers brand includes Figgers Television and Figgers Health. In the early 2000s, Figgers Communications stepped boldly onto the scene with their iconic cell phones with state-of-the-art features and accessories. The youngest telecommunications company to rival Apple, Samsung, Verizon and Spectrum; Figgers Communications is solely the brain-child of Freddie Figgers, president and CEO; one of the youngest Americans under 30 to receive an FCC license within the United States. Freddie Figgers currently holds several US patents with many more to come.

Learn more at https://figgers.com

Black-Owned Tech Company Invents Revolutionary Device To Help Manage Diabetes
AfricanGlobe.Net

China: Powering Kenya’s Nuclear Plans

Fri, 2019-08-16 22:35

China: Powering Kenya’s Nuclear Plans

Africa is rich in uranium but most of it is exported to power other countries.

AFRICANGLOBE – Recently, Kenya tapped the China National Nuclear Corporation to review options and identify a viable site at which to set up Kenya’s first nuclear power plant. Currently, approximately 68% of Kenya’s total energy consumption is wood fuel and biomass dependant, 22% petroleum, 9% electricity, and 1% others. Low electricity access has driven the Kenyan government’s target to increase electricity connectivity to at least 65% by the year 2022.

According to the World Bank, about six in African countries lack access to electricity. Also, per the International Energy Agency, over 800 million people in Africa do not have access to electricity, with over 700 million Africans using dirty and potentially hazardous fuels to cook, mostly inappropriate solid biomass. With these levels of energy poverty, it is imperative that a stable and sustainable form of energy source is found and leveraged.

Towards diversifying its energy sources, in September 2015 Kenya signed an MOU with China to facilitate plans for commissioning a nuclear power station with a capacity of 1000 MW by 2025, and up to 4000 MW by 2033, as a means to make nuclear electricity “a key component of the country’s energy” production. In December 2018 the Kenyan government launched the Kenya National Electrification Strategy in partnership with the World Bank to map the way to achieving universal access to electricity for all Kenyans by 2022. Reliable, competitively priced, safe and sustainable energy lies at the heart of powering Kenya’s Vision 2030 in the long run and more immediately, the Big Four Agenda priorities: affordable housing, manufacturing, food security, and universal healthcare.

Kenya’s population continues to grow and consequently the energy deficit. Kenya is projected to need 16,000MW by 2030. While the exploitation of coal, gas, geothermal and wind energy sources is expected to raise electricity production to 7000MW, nuclear power will hopefully multiply that further and decrease the apparent energy deficit. At the same time, as with most African countries, Kenya has pledged to the reduction of greenhouse gases under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change. Nuclear power presents a carbon neutral energy option. As an energy source, nuclear power’s benefits include its clean nature, reliability, use of uranium to fuel it; a low operating cost; no intermittence; an average life of 40-60 years; reduction of fuel importation dependency and providing climate change buffer. Currently in Africa, only South Africa operates a commercial nuclear power plant. Therefore, if construction begins by 2024 as anticipated, Kenya will be the second country in Africa.

China is all too familiar with the pressures of population growth as balanced with environmental conservation obligations. In addition, having itself tapped into nuclear power production, China is familiar with all that goes into setting up, operating, maintaining and decommissioning a nuclear power plant in accordance with world safety standards. China currently operates 46 nuclear reactors with a 42.8GW capacity and has 11 more under construction to offer 10.8GW capacity.

China has in recent years developed into Africa’s largest trade partner. Similarly, China is viewed as a partner in infrastructure projects. China’s contribution under the 2015 MOU was envisaged to include training and skills development, technical support in areas such as site selection for Kenya’s nuclear power plants, and feasibility studies. Kenya’s Nuclear Power Programme, which is run by the Nuclear Power and Energy Agency (NuPEA), can variously benefit from the Chinese experience. For instance, per NuPEA, it is estimated that building a single nuclear power plant capable of producing 1,000MW would cost between Ksh 500 – 600 billion (USD 5-6 billion).

China is a valuable finance partner in this regard. Further, in order to offload the power produced by a nuclear power plant, it is recommended that the receiving grid possess ten times the nuclear power plant’s capacity. Kenya’s grid currently operates at 2400MW and would therefore require expansion to a capacity of 10,000MW to accommodate the 1000MW produced by its first nuclear power plant. This presents a further opportunity for China’s support for Kenya’s nuclear power project. China is also currently experimenting with new technology in the form of small modular reactors which produce 300MW per unit and whose major parts can be factory manufactured and easily transported to construction sites. Kenya would likewise benefit from lessons learnt from China in this regard. In addition, as China looks to export nuclear power technology under its BRI, Kenya presents a potential market.

There are various other challenges around nuclear power production including: the associated high capital costs, the long lead times associated with the planning and construction, waste disposal concerns, driving up public acceptance, creating an enabling regulatory environment and the risk of weaponization. All these are areas for shared learning between Kenya and China, based on China’s own advanced experience with nuclear power production.

According to NuPEA, the anticipated benefits to Kenya’s economy include: the multiplied effect of competitively priced electricity and the associated increased economic activities; employment opportunities for local communities during the construction, operation, maintenance and decommissioning of the power plant; sustainable development facilitated by reduced greenhouse gas emission; and the growth of specialized industries and associated specialized training in terms of the relevant equipment. As a developing country looking to enable and accelerate industrialization, it is exciting that Kenya is now at the phase where China is reviewing the Indian Ocean, Lake Victoria and Lake Turkana as top viable sites to host Kenya’s first nuclear power plant.

 

By: George Nyongesa

China: Powering Kenya’s Nuclear Plans
AfricanGlobe.Net

Teens Held At Gunpoint By Arkansas Racist

Fri, 2019-08-16 22:00

Teens Held At Gunpoint By Arkansas Racist

Jerri Kelly is the latest example of suspected white supremacists assaulting Black children while they are busy minding their own business.

AFRICANGLOBE – Jerri Kelly, a 46-year old white female from Arkansas, reportedly held four teens at gunpoint and forced them to the ground while they were going door-to-door to raise money for their high school football team.

On August 7th, the four boys, two of whom were wearing jerseys from the school’s team, were selling restaurant coupons door-to-door to raise money as usually done yearly by students from Wynne High School.

When the boys were walking up Kelly’s driveway, she burst out of her door with her gun aimed at them. She demanded them to lie down on the concrete ground, spread their legs, and keep their hands behind their back.

The boys tried to explain what they were actually doing but she did not listen. She called the police, continued standing over them and pointing a gun at them.

When police arrived to respond to her report of “suspicious persons,” they allowed the boys to stand up and tell what was happening. The police did not make any arrest on that day and drove the boys home.

Almost a week after the incident, on Monday, Kelly was arrested on charges of aggravated assault, false imprisonment, and endangering the welfare of a minor.

However, Kelly was immediately bonded out of the Cross County jail, where her husband, Joe Kelly, serves as the jail administrator. It has caused outrage, especially when she was allowed to leave the prison without taking a mugshot.

As a response, Cross County Sheriff David West, Joe’s employer, issued a statement citing “medical issue” as the reason why she doesn’t have a mugshot while being booked.

“During that time she was as at the jail, a bondsman arrived and bonded her out, and they went back home,” West told WMC Action News. “I’m professional. My department is professional. There was no special treatment. She went through the steps just like any other person would.”

When asked about how Kelly was treated and if she was given special treatment, Wynne Police Chief Jackie Clark diverted the topic and instead said, “This is about those four kids, and our focus is completely on those kids.”

Meanwhile, the school said they are considering to end the accustomed practice of soliciting donations for school activities using door-to-door fundraisers.

Teens Held At Gunpoint By Arkansas Racist
AfricanGlobe.Net

Who Wanted Jeffrey Epstein Dead?

Fri, 2019-08-16 21:38

Who Wanted Jeffrey Epstein Dead?

Many believe that Jefrey Epstein’s death was not a suicide.

AFRICANGLOBE – Let’s begin by stating the obvious: Jeffrey Epstein’s violent death in a Manhattan jail cell prevents a trial or a plea deal that threatened to expose business associates and political enablers who made use of the services provided by his alleged sex-trafficking activities, or who profited from this and other sordid operations of the multimillionaire money manager.

Given the extraordinary circumstances surrounding his death, the efforts of the media—and the New York Times in particular—to dismiss out of hand any suggestion that Epstein’s death was the result of anything but a suicide reek of a high-level cover-up. Whether he was strangled in a jail cell by a hired killer or allowed to hang himself is almost beside the point.

Epstein’s life came to a violent end while in the custody of the US government. This is an undeniable fact. Even if he committed suicide, the act could not have succeeded without the direct complicity of those who were responsible for his safety.

And while Epstein was accused of deplorable crimes, it should hardly be necessary to point out that he—yes, even Epstein—had the right to a vigorous defense in a trial. That his untimely death preempts and prevents the trial from taking place is a matter of staggering seriousness.

The suspicion of homicide is clearly justified. That Epstein was murdered—whether by an assailant or by the calculated enabling of his jail cell suicide—is far more plausible than the official account of what took place at the Metropolitan Correctional Center over the past three weeks. According to prison officials, Epstein was found hanged in his cell Saturday morning. His guards had neglected to perform their every-half-hour inspection during the night and only belatedly took a look at their prisoner at 6:30 a.m.

This occurred even though Epstein was arguably the most notorious prisoner currently in federal custody, with his arrest on sex-trafficking charges given saturation coverage in the New York and national media. Moreover, he had been placed on suicide watch from July 23, when he was reportedly found unconscious in his cell with marks on his neck, until July 31, when the special provisions, including 24/7 surveillance, were lifted without explanation.

Epstein’s attorneys and other visitors said they saw no signs that the multimillionaire was in low spirits or likely to take his own life, and he had been participating in preparations for his legal defense in an upcoming trial for as much as 12 hours a day.

Investigations have now begun by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, Attorney General William Barr and the Justice Department inspector general, all of whom have ample reason to rig the result and cover up what really happened. So far, the most elementary facts have been withheld from the public. It has not been reported how and with what material Epstein was hanged, or whether there is a video recording of his cell that would show the alleged “suicide” or otherwise shed light on the physical circumstances of his death.

The legal and political circumstances of Epstein’s death are a different matter; they strongly suggest that Epstein had become a danger to an entire section of the Wall Street and political elite, who had a powerful motive to silence him.

The media has quickly moved to denounce anyone who points to the obviously concocted character of the official story as the promoter of a “conspiracy theory.”

The New York Times is aggressively promoting the official claims of suicide. The newspaper’s editorial Sunday begins,

“By apparently committing suicide in his Manhattan jail cell on Saturday morning, Jeffrey Epstein spared himself a lengthy trial that could have sent him to prison for the rest of his life on federal sex-trafficking charges.”

The use of the word “apparently” is entirely out of place. In the absence of any details relating to this death, nothing is “apparent.” The Times is simply conditioning the public to accept the suicide narrative without an urgently required criminal investigation into Epstein’s death, which must be considered suspicious.

Furthermore, why does the Times state that Epstein was “spared” a trial? Do the editors have information that supports their assumption that Epstein did not want to have a trial? What about the possibility that his death “spares” other powerful and influential people from having their connections to Epstein’s proven and alleged criminal activities, either sexual or financial, brought into the public eye by a lengthy legal proceeding.

The editorial continues:

“Attorney General William Barr said the Justice Department’s inspector general would open an investigation into the circumstances of Mr. Epstein’s death in federal custody. While Mr. Epstein will never face a legal reckoning, the investigations into his crimes, and those of others connected to him, must continue. His premature death shouldn’t stop law enforcement authorities from finishing the job that they finally took up seriously years after they should have.”

This is cynical claptrap: The Times knows full well that Epstein’s death, without a trial or conviction (technically, Epstein dies an innocent man, at least on the most recent charges), will effectively end the investigation. There is no longer the danger of a plea deal, which Epstein’s lawyers would certainly have attempted to negotiate in return for his testimony in trials of others whom he might have implicated in the alleged sex-trafficking ring.

The Times does not raise these obvious issues, let alone demand a criminal investigation and public hearings into the circumstances of Epstein’s highly suspicious death.

Any elementary review of the facts makes clear that Epstein’s death must be treated as a criminal investigation. Only 24 hours before his death, more than 2,000 pages of documents were released by a Florida court in a civil suit brought by one of the women who has charged Epstein with enslaving her as a teenager as part of his systematic abuse of young girls. The woman filed a defamation suit against Epstein’s partner, Ghislaine Maxwell, who allegedly had acted as a procuress, recruiting teenage girls to service him.

Maxwell is herself a product of the super-rich milieu that vomited up Epstein. She is the daughter of the late British billionaire publisher Robert Maxwell, also the target of numerous allegations of fraud and other financial crimes.

In a grisly similarity, Robert Maxwell died under mysterious circumstances in 1991, when he allegedly fell off his yacht, the Lady Ghislaine (named after the daughter), and his naked body was found floating in the Atlantic Ocean several days later. The death was ruled accidental, although both suicide and homicide were widely suggested at the time.

The documents released Thursday named a number of prominent political and society figures as patrons of Epstein’s sex ring, including two top Democrats, former Senate Majority Leader George Mitchell and former governor and Clinton cabinet member Bill Richardson, a one-time presidential candidate, as well as Prince Andrew, second son of the Queen of England.

Whatever the truth of the allegations against these individuals, there is no question that Epstein was for many years an integral part of the financial and political elite in the United States, hobnobbing with former presidents like Bill Clinton and future presidents—and equally corrupt billionaires—like Donald Trump.

Epstein was a Palm Beach neighbor of Trump, and some of the girls he abused were recruited at Trump’s Mar-a-Lago resort. That circumstance may account for Trump’s extraordinary response to the news of Epstein’s death, as he retweeted a right-wing supporter’s suggestion that Epstein was murdered at the orders of Bill Clinton.

The death of Epstein so obviously invites the assumption that this is a case of removing an inconvenient personality, one who could have implicated dozens if not hundreds of powerful people if he were finally brought to trial, that the official claim of suicide made possible by neglect on the part of low-ranking prison guards has been greeted with disbelief. Epstein’s death evokes recollections of Francis Ford Coppola’s The Godfather.

The Epstein case, in all its criminal depravity, sheds light on the state of the American elite. The super-rich prey upon the poor and the vulnerable, using them as they wish. They make use of their connections to cover up their crimes, or, depending on the circumstances, arrange for the elimination of those former friends and associates whose activities have become an inconvenience or a danger.

 

By: Patrick Martin

Who Wanted Jeffrey Epstein Dead?
AfricanGlobe.Net

Edward Seaga And The Institutionalization Of Thuggery, Violence And Dehumanization In Jamaica

Fri, 2019-08-16 21:03

Edward Seaga And The Institutionalization Of Thuggery, Violence And Dehumanization In Jamaica

Edward Seaga was an infiltrator and a traitor.

AFRICANGLOBE – Edward Seaga will be remembered, as a man who advanced thuggery, violence and dehumanisation in the Jamaican society and who left the office of Prime Minister devoid of dignity, authority and values.

Introduction

The island of Jamaica has achieved international notoriety, as a space of unbridled violence and as one of the main hubs for the trans-Caribbean and trans-Atlantic drug networks within the illicit global economy. These features of Jamaican society developed rapidly after 1980 when Edward Seaga became the fifth Prime Minister of Jamaica. As the leader of the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) from 1974 to 2005, Seaga was associated with the refinement of a mode of politics that garrisoned poor Jamaicans into areas controlled by political contractors. Seaga was born in Boston in 1930 and died peacefully in Miami, Florida in May 2019.

In the ensuing 89 years, his insecurity—as to his identity and his wish to be accepted, as part of the Jamaican ruling oligarchy—sent him into a career to be an expert on Jamaicans of African descent.  Edward Seaga and the JLP mobilised Jamaican workers against their own interests in organisations that guaranteed his success, as a political entrepreneur. One organisation that has been linked to Edward Seaga was the deadly Shower Posse that wreaked murder, violence and drug running in the Caribbean, North America and Europe. The historical record now attests to the fact that this organisation was integrated into the networks of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) of the United States when the USA moved to destabilise the Jamaican society in the 1970s. [[1]]

Elements from these same networks were to later name Seaga, as involved in drugs in congressional hearings and in court cases in the United States. Names such as Lester Cole also known as ‘Jim Brown,’ Claude Massop, Vivian Blake, Cecil Connor also known as Charles ‘Little Nut’ Miller, and Christopher ‘Dudus’ Coke are forever etched into the political history of thuggery, violence, money laundering and drugs in Jamaican society. Edward Seaga was dependent on these gunmen within the polity and in the process undermined the office of Prime Minister and left this position in Jamaica devoid of dignity, authority and values.

The case of the extradition of Christopher ‘Dudus’ Coke from Jamaica in 2010 to prison in New York revealed to those who followed the case the extent of dehumanisation of the poor in the political constituency of West Kingston. This debasement of politics and humanity was to be fully revealed under the leadership of Bruce Golding who attempted to extricate the JLP from the clutches of dons (political enforcers). The killing of over 70 Jamaicans in Tivoli gardens [neighbourhood in Kingston] in 2010 exposed the levels of dehumanisation that had overtaken Jamaican society when Prime Minister Golding ordered the army to kill innocent civilians who defended Christopher Coke.

The lessons of these aspects of the life of Edward Seaga have not been revealed in the obituaries that have been written about him since his death. Most of these obituaries downplayed the extent of the CIA, the Cold War, and Cocaine triangle in Jamaica under Edward Seaga, although the New York Times, the Washington Post, the Times of Londona nd the Telegraph all paid homage to his conservatism and his alliance with the neo liberal forces represented by Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan. Edward Seaga’s own autobiography was part of the literature to praise unfettered capitalism, which he celebrated in the two volumes entitled: My Life and Leadership. Volume 1.Clash of Ideologies 1930-1980 and Volume II, My Life and Leadership: Hard Road to Travel 1980– 2008.  Seaga was explicit in Volume 2 that “socialism is a pulling down ideology. Capitalism is a pulling up strategy.”[[2]]

This ideological outlook defined the career of Edward Seaga as he opted to mobilise the human and material resources of Jamaica to establish sweat shop conditions, opposing black liberation in Jamaica and in Africa, opposing the Cuban revolution and spearheading the invasion of Grenada in 1983. Conscious of the importance of history, Edward Seaga had attempted to distort the historical record of the collusion between the Jamaican oligarchs and the Reagan Administration in the invasion of Grenada in his pamphlet entitled, Grenada Intervention: The Inside Story, 2009. Such was the trepidation of Edward Seaga among some Caribbean intellectuals that this relationship in the Shower Posse killings have only been fully revealed in unpublished doctoral dissertations, in the book Born Fi Dead[[3]] and in the fictional work by Marlon James, A Brief History Of Seven Killings.

At the time of his death, Edward had become marginalised in his own party by young black professionals who wanted to rise above the dehumanising traditions of garrison politics.  He had taken refuge into academia becoming a Fellow of the University of the West Indies, but now the road has been cleared for a full analysis of the role of Edward Seaga and his ilk in the politics of Jamaica and the Caribbean. This is urgent to reclaim the dignity and humanity of those who were dehumanised by the political traditions of Edward Seaga in the Caribbean.

Background of Edward Seaga

When Edward Philip George Seaga was born on 28 May 1930, in Boston, Massachusetts, his parents had been suspended between the African majority in Jamaica and the small planter class of British and Europeans who dominated the plantation economy of Jamaica. The grandparents of Seaga had migrated to Jamaica from what is now called Lebanon to escape the stultifying effects of the last days of the Ottoman Empire. Jamaica was then, and now, a predominantly African society with the majority of the population tracing their roots back to Africa. In 1930, over 91 percent of the population were Africans with a small percentage highlighting their European heritage to be called Afro Jamaicans or brown skinned Jamaicans.

These ‘brownpeople’ comprised 15.1 percent of the population by 1950. According to the census of Jamaica in 1960 the population was divided into six categories of racial origin: 76.3 percent African, 15.1 percent Afro-European, 0.8 percent European, 1.2 percent Chinese or Afro-Chinese, 3.4 percent East Indian and 3.2 percent ‘other races.’ The Lebanese/Syrian community in Jamaica had comprised the small percentage of colonial subjects determined to be ‘other races’ under the colonial racial hierarchy of Jamaica. The economy of Jamaica was dominated by the less than 1 percent of the society, designated as Europeans. Phillip Seaga had moved to the United States to make life in the context of the roaring twenties, but by the time he was seeking to advance, the Wall Street crash of 1929 created conditions of desperation for immigrants such as Phillip Seaga and his wife Erna (née Maxwell), who was Jamaican of African, Scottish and Indian descent. Hence, three months after his [Edward] birth in Boston, the family of Phillip Seaga returned to Jamaica. Hence the birth of Edward Seaga in the USA.

The capitalist depression had a devastating impact on the oppressed in Jamaica, exacerbating impoverishment and cultural domination. It was in the midst of this crisis that the African poor in Jamaica deepened their identification with Africa, as an expression of cultural resistance and human affirmation. The Rastafari Movement blossomed after the Italian invasion of Abyssinia in 1935 and in 1938; the working peoples registered their opposition to colonialism with massive working class protests on the sugar plantations. These protests in Frome, Westmoreland on the Serge Island Sugar Estates of St Thomas and in the working class areas of Kingston, (especially the docks in West Kingston), had been stimulated by Garveyites such as St William Grant and worker activists such as Allan George St Claver Coombs of Western Jamaica.

After the 1938 uprisings, Alexander Bustamante offered himself up, as a leader of Jamaican workers diminishing the importance of Garveyism within the anti-colonial cultural resistance.  Bustamante and his cousin, Norman Washington Manley became activists for Jamaican freedom in the period 1938-1962 forming two political parties, the Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) and the People’s National Party (PNP).  Both of these parties had a trade union and worker base in the form of the Bustamante Industrial Trade Union (BITU) and the National Workers Union. By the time Jamaicans wrestled universal adult suffrage from the British in 1944, Bustamante was riding two horses, as the leader of the trade union named after himself (the BITU) and leader of government business in the colonial parliament.

Seaga the applied anthropologist 

Volume 1 of the autobiography of Seaga, Clash of Ideologies 1930-1980 gave some indication of the frustrations of this Lebanese/Syrian stratum in Jamaican society and at the same time the privileges as passing for white.After high school in Jamaica at Wolmers, Seaga had studied social anthropology in the United States at Harvard University. By virtue of his background, Seaga the anthropologist brought his understanding of the retention of African culture in Jamaica in his study of the lifestyle of the poor and oppressed and their religious practices.

In colonial Jamaica, according to social scientists such as M.G. Smith, the only ‘cultural’ persons were Europeans while African descendants followed ‘cults.’ Edward Seaga was slowly learning of the cultural power of the African ideation system among the poor, as he sought to document and observe the rituals that were practiced in Pocomania and Kumina, African religious forms that still persisted in Jamaica. The rituals of Africa spiritual observances involved nonverbal interaction with the ancestral world in the form of dancing, possession by spirits, and animal sacrifice.

Seaga who extended his career as an applied anthropologist research to child development and revivalist churcheswas to later weaponise the cultural practices of the poor to sow division and mayhem. It was in this period of anti-colonial energy in the Jamaican countryside where Seaga recognised the financial potential of Jamaican music.

Seaga as the political apprentice

While in the process of studying the music of Africans in Jamaica, Edward Seaga recognised the long term potential of the voices of the people and embarked on opening a record store, becoming a music producer founding his own record label, West Indies Recording Limited. From this vantage point as a music entrepreneur, Seaga got to feel the pulse of Jamaican popular culture, as it was emerging in Ska, Rock Steady and later Reggae.  As a producer, Edward Seaga signed popular Ska artists such as Joe Higgs and Byron Lee and the Dragonaiers.

It was from this musical perch where Seaga made his probing with respect to his future in Jamaican political life. In the period between 1955 and 1959 when the PNP had come to power, Seaga had sent out feelers to the leadership of both the PNP and the JLP. In his own words, Seaga tells the tale of how Alexander Bustamante recognised his skills, as an organiser and recruited him to the political leadership of the JLP. In 1959, Bustamante had appointed Seaga to the Senate while the JLP was in opposition, and it was from the Senate at the age of 29 where Seaga made his famous speech about the ‘haves and haves not’ in Jamaica.

Alexander Bustamante had dominated the JLP with an iron hand; hence there had been no opposition to his naming Edward Seaga, as the contestant for the constituency of West Kingston in 1962. Prior to 1962, Seaga had demonstrated his energy and loyalty  (some would say sycophancy) to Bustamante, especially in the context of the referendum over whether Jamaica should remain in the West Indies Federation. By the time of independence in 1962, the JLP had gravitated away from its political commitment to the poor workers and had become the party with a base of poor black workers and peasants, but a party serving the interests of the white planters.

Bustamante himself had retreated from his trade union militancy and had become conciliatory to local capital. In the retreat of Bustamante from the defence of workers, the son of Norman Manley, Michael Manley became a major trade union organiser of the National Workers Union; the party affiliate of the PNP. In order to satisfy the Cold War hysteria of the fifties, the PNP had purged Richard Hart, Ken Hill, Frank Hill and Arthur Henry from the party. These four were among the most formidable defenders of the working people and by 1949 the unions that they officered were among the largest after the BITU. [[4]]

Edward Seaga and the constituency of West Kingston

After the purging of the four Hs from the electoral political space, the Jamaican society proceeded towards decolonisation in carefully orchestrated steps after the results of the referendum in 1961. There were elections in April 1962 and 6 August 1962 was designated as the date of independence. Edward Seaga was an activist of the JLP and he was named as Minister of Development and Welfare from 1962 to 1967. Seaga had contested the elections in April 1962 against three other candidates who ran on explicit African values and orientation.

Of the three candidates, the candidate for the PNP, Dudley Thompson had served in East Africa as counsel for Jomo Kenyatta and had earned the name of ‘Burning Spear’. Sam Brown, a well-known organiser and leader in the Rastafari Movement ran, as an independent and Byron Moore carried the mantle of the People’s Progressive Party (PPP). Seaga mobilised the resources of the JLP and the BITU to win in this constituency and represented himself, as a messianic leader. Seaga, the ‘white man’ who the black masses would follow became the narrative of the JLP.

The opportunism of Seaga was manifest early when two years after independence in 1964 he opportunistically championed the cause of the return of the body of Marcus Garvey to Jamaica. Prior to this re-entombment of the body of Marcus Garvey in Jamaica, in the election campaign of 1962, Seaga had opposed the ideas of Marcus Garvey and the candidates who appealed to citizens on the basis of black dignity. Four years later Seaga was complicit in the decision of the JLP cabinet to ban Walter Rodney from Jamaica and to accuse him of stirring up racial hatred. [[5]]

Edward Seaga had been an enthusiastic member of the Bustamante government that moved to arrest thousands of Rastafari brethren after the Coral Gardens altercations in April 1963. Seaga’s own anti Rasta exuberance was manifest in the massive destruction of the poor communities of Western Kingston called Back o Wall in the ‘urban renewal’ project that became known, as Tivoli gardens. [[6]] Tivoli became associated with the person of Seaga and as a community that gradually purged from its midst Jamaican citizens who considered loyalty to another formation other than the JLP. In the process, after 1967 Tivoli became a near political homogenous community where violent enforcers emerge to ensure that sympathisers of other political tendencies were unwelcome in Tivoli.

In October1965, Seaga had signalled his orientation toward political thuggery when at an event at the National Stadium, Seaga had declared in response to booing from the assembled crowd recognising Paul Bogle and Marcus Garvey as national heroes that, “If they think they are bad, I can bring the crowd of West Kingston. We can deal with you in any way and at any time. It will be fire for fire, and blood for blood.” [[7]]

This language of blood and fire took on real meaning in the State of Emergency of 1966 and the violent conflict for power fought out in the elections in 1967. Dudley Thompson, the candidate for the opposition PNP, had campaigned against Seaga in 1967 and had surrounded himself with PNP gunmen while with the resources of the government, Seaga developed a small force of gunmen that outgunned the Dudley Thompson forces. Despite this political rivalry, both Seaga and Thompson remained good friends. This was revealed to the citizens of Jamaica after the death of Dudley Thompson when Seaga revealed the depth of their friendship. Prior to his death, Dudley Thompson apologised to the people of Jamaica for his complicity in the Green Bay massacre. This was an episode where the military ambushed young JLP adherents and shot them down in cold blood.

Petty violence in the form of throwing stones, use of cutlasses, throwing Molotov cocktails and fist fights had been a feature of competitive politics in Jamaica since 1944. By the 1960s, the quality and intensity of the violence edged up a notch with the introduction of handguns among the enforcers. At the end of the decade the mix of sub machine guns, drugs and politics had become toxic in Jamaican society with Tivoli becoming the place associated with guns and repression. With the rise of political violence and the increased use of guns in political battles, Tivoli earned the distinction of becoming a garrison community. The political enforcers and gunmen who coerced citizens were called dons. These figures received government contracts and were the source of political payoffs (called patronage). [[8]] In Jamaican society, Edward Seaga was known as the don of the dons and the architect of a new form of housing called the garrison.

Garrisons were and are “a veritable fortress where the dominant party and or its local agents and supporters are able to exercise control over all significant political, economic and community related social activities.”[[9]] Political enforcers such as Claude Massop created fear among poor workers. Mark Figueroa in his study of “Garrison Communities in Jamaica 1962-1993,” outlined the violence that was associated with gunmen such as Massop in the JLP while the PNP countered with its own garrisons and gunmen such as George ‘Feathermop’ Spence, Winston ‘Burry Boy’ Blake and Anthony (Tony) Welch from the nearby area of Arnett Gardens (Jungle).

Emergence as leader of the Jamaica Labour Party 1974

During his tenure as Minister of Finance 1967-1972, Edward Seaga had strengthened the financial institutions to fully wrest economic power from the old planter classes that had discriminated against the Lebanese/Syrians. The bauxite and tourist industries had created new poles of accumulation away from sugar plantations, banana production and cocoa farming. Noel Nethersole, as Minister of Finance under the PNP before independence had laid the foundations for a central bank—Bank of Jamaica, and founded the Development Finance Corporation. [[10]] With technocrats such as G. Arthur Brown and Noel Nethersole, there were social democrats who wanted the public institutions to register an independent path for the society with clear planning.  It was in this climate where the intellectuals of the New World Group flourished. The intellectual and political energies of these intellectuals were clearly having an impact on the region as a whole, inspired as they were by the anti-imperialist ideas of Bandung.

Edward Seaga sold himself to the US leaders as an opponent of the Bandung spirit. Yet, the Jamaica media celebrated Seaga as the brains behind decolonising the financial sector and the establishment of the Jamaica Stock Exchange, Jamaica Unit Trust, Export-Import Bank, Jamaica Promotions Ltd, the Agricultural Credit Bank, the Jamaica Mortgage Bank, the National Development Bank, Urban Development Corporation and the Kingston Waterfront. Of these ventures, the Urban Development Corporation facilitated the basis for the emergence of new elements in real estate capital and the control of the Kingston Waterfront wrest control from the shippers and insurers that were linked to the export of banana and sugar. The export of bulk shipments of marijuana and cocaine were to develop in the seventies as new sources of wealth for the new narco-capitalist class.

The inequalities and class polarisation in the society alienated the poor and the PNP mobilised around the question of the oppression of the sufferers. Michael Manley had succeeded his father as President of the PNP in 1969. Shortly thereafter, in 1972, Manley as head of the PNP won the general elections. Michael Manley had campaigned on the slogans and platform of the PPP of Millard Johnson openly canvassing for the votes of the oppressed, especially the Rastafari. [[11]]

In 1974, Manley declared that Jamaica was moving in the direction of Democratic Socialism announcing a number of social welfare reforms as socialist. Moving to embrace the spirit of Bandung, the non-aligned world and support for African liberation created a new sense of pride among the mass of African descendants in Jamaican society. Within the Caribbean, Jamaica strengthened relations with Cuba and Michael Manley championed the push against imperialism with the call for a New International Economic Order. These initiatives scared the entrenched local capitalists in Jamaica while Edward Seaga moved to establish himself, as the defender of international capital.

In order to better position himself as a full servant of international capital, Edward Seaga had to capture the leadership of the JLP. Seaga could not compete with Donald Sangster who had been one of the brains running the party after Bustamante had been stricken with illness, but Sangster had died suddenly after becoming Prime Minister. Hugh Shearer had become Prime Minister, but by the time of the competition for leadership of the party, Shearer had stood down.

By 1974, the leaders of the JLP standing in the path of Edward Seaga were competent leaders such as Frank Phipps, Wilton Hill, Ronald Irvine, and Ian Ramsay. Senior figures such as Robert Lightbourne had been nudged out of the party with the rise of Seaga and the legalistic /professional blacks of the likes of Phipps, Irvine and Ramsay were not cut from the same cloth as the blood and fire vintage of Edward Seaga. Wilton Hill had sought to develop his own fighting force but did not have the financial resources that Seaga had at his disposal. In his push for power within the party Edward Seaga also dumped experienced JLP leaders such as L.G. Newland, Edwin Allen and Tacius Golding.

Edward Seaga: the anti-communist champion

During the era of the seventies, the anti-colonial struggles had intensified after the defeat of the US military forces in Vietnam in 1975. In the same year, the Angolan forces with the support of Cuban internationalists defeated the South African apartheid army in Angola. Poor Jamaicans had followed these battles and many reggae artists used songs to mobilise the people to support African liberation. The government of the USA labelled the Jamaican support for liberation, as hostile and in December 1975 the Secretary of State of the USA, Henry Kissinger visited Jamaica.

In his meetings with the Prime Minister Michael Manley, Kissinger warned Jamaica to limit its support for the Cubans in Angola and diminish its relations with Cuba. Kissinger held out the promise of US$100 million for the Jamaican economy if Manley agreed to distance Jamaica from the non-aligned movement, from African liberation and from Cuba. When the Prime Minister of Jamaica disagreed, there was a new thrust to destabilise Jamaica and Edward Seaga offered himself as an instrument for the CIA destabilisation of Jamaica. [[12]] The experience of the Jamaican society became another textbook case of how the CIA destabilised societies. Using some of the same tactics that had been deployed in the over-show of the Salvador Allende government in Chile in 1973, the CIA mobilised its resources to undermine the PNP government.

The six key mechanisms were:

1. Covert financial support for the opposition.

2.  Extensive labour unrest.

3.  Covert shipments of arms and other equipment to opposition forces.

4.  Economic destabilisation.

5.  Mobilisation of the middle class into CIA-created anti-government organisations to carry out well publicised demonstrations.

6. Infiltration of security services and armed forces to turn them against the government

All of these elements were expanded in Jamaica. There were three attempts on the life of Michael Manley as the Prime Minister. “The unexplained presence of M16 rifles, submachine guns, as well as sophisticated communications equipment also caused alarm, for the paltry Jamaican security forces were simply unable to cope with the violence.” [[13]] No section of the population escaped the new violence and the reggae artists Bob Marley was shot at his home in Hope Road prior to a free reggae concert in Kingston, December 1976. A decade later, in September 1987, Peter Tosh was to lose his life when gunmen invaded his home to send him to the land of the ancestors.

Despite the escalation of violence, the PNP defeated Edward Seaga and the JLP in the 1976 general elections. It was the elections with the highest voter turnout in the history of Jamaica, over 86 percent of the electorate participating. The PNP won the elections with 57 per cent of the votes, but this victory only stimulated the CIA to intensify its campaign of destabilisation supporting the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to undermine the economy, using propaganda to scare citizens and intensifying violence in the streets. The CIA propaganda represented Seaga, as the economic genius while the local media propagated misleading stories scaring local entrepreneurs resulting in the mobilisation of the Jamaican Manufacturers Association and the Jamaican Chamber of Commerce against the PNP. It was in this period when the new organisation called the Private Sector Organisation of Jamaica appeared on the political scene as one other form of support for Edward Seaga.

Bob Marley, Peter Tosh, Bunny Wailer and 13 other major of reggae artists had attempted to stand aloof from the violence but they had grown up with many of the former ‘rude boys’ who were now political enforcers. It is this intimate knowledge of the shooters that precipitated the reggae artists to mobilise with others for the historic peace concert at the National Stadium in 1978.  This peace gesture, which brought together 16 of the most well-known reggae artists was at the other end of the plans of the CIA for Seaga and for Jamaica. It was at this peace concert where Peter Tosh condemned imperialist violence and where Marley called on Seaga and Manley to come on stage and pledge to end the violent political war in Jamaica.

Despite the pledge for peace, the top contractors/ enforcers for the JLP and the PNP, Claude Massop and Buckie Marshall were both killed within two years after the concert. The following election year in 1980 would see 889 reported murders in Jamaica, over 500 more than the previous year. The combination of violence and the economic terror of the IMF against Jamaica was too much for the people and in the 1980 elections, then the bloodiest in the history of Jamaica, Seaga won the elections after hundreds lay dead and tens of thousands displaced.

Edward Seaga the Prime Minister of Jamaica 1980-89

When the PNP won the elections in 1976 there were two choices before the society, either give meaning to the massive support that had been gained in the 1976 elections for drastic social change or succumb to the dictates of the IMF. Michael Manley chose the latter and the IMF intensified the economic destabilisation while Seaga and the gunmen escalated the violence in the streets.  Long before the Mexican debt crisis of 1982, the IMF had decided to use Jamaica as a guinea pig in its new direction of structural adjustment. The decision to cut the Civil Service, to devalue the currency, to lift price controls and to liberalise the economy led to the huge capital flight, reinforcing the already dire conditions for the sufferers.

Three months after the signing of IMF agreements, according to the IMF Jamaica failed its first quarterly performance test. We now know from historical hindsight that there was no way that governments such as those of Manley in Jamaica or the Julius Nyerere ujamaa administration in Tanzania could pass the IMF performance tests. What was instructive was that the apartheid government of South Africa that oppressed the African majority could pass the IMF tests but leaders such as Manley, Nyerere or Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia could not pass these tests.  It is now well documented by economists (such as the late Norman Girvan) that the IMF performance requirements resulted in “one of the most savage packages ever imposed on any client government by the IMF.” [[14]]

Edward Seaga became the Prime Minister of Jamaica in 1980. He was not fully vested in his position before he travelled to Washington and to New York to ingratiate himself with David Rockefeller and the decision of the IMF to change the conditionalities for Jamaica. By the time Ronald Reagan was inaugurated as the President of the United States in January 1981, Seaga was the first world leader to be invited to the White House. It was in the context of these meetings in 1981 where Seaga sold himself, as an opponent of organised labour in Jamaica and the Caribbean. In his autobiography Seaga has bragged how he introduced the idea of the Caribbean Basin Initiative to the Reagan administration. This orientation started the long road of the debasement of the Jamaican workers and the introduction of sweatshop conditions in Jamaica. International conservatives were pleased to have a leader of a labour party being in the forefront of denying basic rights of decent wages, and protection at the workplace for workers. These were fundamental elements of the struggles of the Jamaican working people from the time of enslavement.

As a soldier in the Cold War fighting against the rights for working people, Seaga joined forces with Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan in promoting crude neo-liberalism. The zeal of Seaga in his anti-communism led him to mobilise for the military intervention of the United States in Grenada. In this zealousness, Seaga trumped Margaret Thatcher because the British Prime Minister opposed the military intervention. Seaga has attempted in his book, Grenada Intervention: The Inside Story, to distort the true meaning of the invasion. There was one academic at the University of the West Indies, Patsy Lewis, who clinically exposed the lies and manipulation that was embedded in this text. [[15]] The ignominy of this act in the Caribbean placed him in the same category as Tom Adams, the former Prime Minister of Barbados, who most Barbadians now want to forget because of his links to the cocaine trade and the US military invasion of Grenada.

This work of placing Jamaica in the ranks against basic democratic rights endeared Seaga to the conservatives internationally and he was honoured by President Reagan with the Freedom Foundation’s American Friendship medal for his “furtherance of democratic institutions” and “courageous leadership in the cause of freedom for all people.” What most Jamaicans did not know was that the International Freedom Foundation was the anti-communist front established to support regimes such as the apartheid government of South Africa and the dreaded Pinochet regime of Chile. The receipt of this award placed Seaga within the company of opportunists such as Manafort and Stone who represented Jonas Savimbi, but Seaga did not want the people of Jamaica to understand the real import of the award from the International Freedom Foundation.

Seaga was being rewarded for his opposition to the liberation of Africa and for the destabilisation of the Caribbean. In return for these services, the IMF and the international financial institutions would allow Seaga to represent himself as the financial wizard turning around the Jamaican economy from the ‘mismanagement’ of the Manley administration. The election results of 1980 made Jamaica the first victim of the Third World debt crisis and structural adjustment policies that have now produced massive inequalities on a global scale.

Edward Seaga and the illicit global economy

The era of neo-liberalism accelerated the movements of illicit funds outside of government control. Not enough research has been done in Jamaica about the way Jamaica became integrated into the contra/ cocaine pipeline that had been established by the Reagan White House. The CIA of the USA had established conduits between drug cartels and the banks to finance its contra wars in Central America and the Caribbean. It was in this period when narco banking became institutionalised. Money laundering, drugs and banks were always part of global capital, but during the era of social democracy state control over financial institutions had placed rigorous controls over the movement of illicit funds.

When Ronald Reagan became the President of the USA, the anti-communist fervour and the contra wars stimulated the loosening of controls over money laundering. The CIA strengthened its money laundering capabilities and many banks such as HSBC were attracted to this new source of wealth. According to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in their 2010 Annual Report, they stated that “money-laundering is the method by which criminals disguise the illegal origins of their wealth and protect their asset bases in order to avoid suspicion of law enforcement and to prevent leaving a trail of incriminating evidence.”

UNODC estimated that profits derived from narcotics rackets amount to some US$600 billion annually and that up to US$1.5 trillion dollars in drug money is laundered through seemingly legitimate enterprises. As Prime Minister in 1981, Seaga had seen the new money laundering direction of US and European banks, as an opportunity and new institutions such as the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) appeared in Jamaica.

With the anti-communist obsession that had come into the international political economy after Reagan’s inauguration, the Republican administration officials tolerated drug trafficking as long as the traffickers gave support to the contras leaders who pledged to oppose socialism. This is now well documented in the 1989 Senate Subcommittee on Terrorism, Narcotics, and International Operations that was chaired by then Senator John Kerry. [[16]] We learnt from this hearing how the narco bank, the BCCI established operations in Jamaica, “BCCI cornered the market for government funds and programs in Jamaica as the result of establishing a personal relationship with then-Prime Minister Edward Seaga. Ultimately, this relationship involved BCCI being involved in financing all of Jamaica’s commodity imports from the United States under the US Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) program and handling essentially every foreign current account of Jamaican government agencies.” [[17]]

Gary Webb in the book Dark Alliance: The CIA, the Contras, and the Crack Cocaine Explosion added extra details on the way the crack epidemic in the Caribbean and the USA was facilitated by the CIA. Edward Seaga was a willing facilitator of narco banking and the Dark Alliance and he went overboard to ingratiate himself into this new illicit global network for money laundering. Seaga was able to use his position as the Prime Minister and Minister of Finance to establish the infrastructure for the integration of Jamaican society into illicit financial flows. One testimony before the Kerry Senate Committee in 1992 stated unequivocally that, “By the mid-1980s, we (viz BCCI) handled every penny that came into or out of Jamaica in terms of foreign currency. We were bankers to the central bank, we were bankers to all official governmental organizations in Jamaica.”[[18]]

Other manifestations of this integration with narco banking and the illicit global economy had come to light in the trials and tribulations of the Israeli money launderer Eli Tisona (who was called one of the top Israeli mobsters by the Jerusalem Post). Tisona had appeared in the Jamaican society after Seaga became Prime Minister. Tisona was presented to the Jamaican population, as a business person involved with a supposed high tech agricultural scheme. Tisona, with no known experience in agriculture, was represented to be the brains behind a scheme of Prime Minister Edward Seaga for the establishment of an agricultural complex called Springs Plain. It is now on record that Seaga’s Agro 21 programme was integrated into the trafficking of cocaine from Colombia.

According to the book, Cocaine Nation: How the White Trade Took Over the World, Eli Tisona was a money launderer for the Cali cartel of Colombia. [[19]] Springs Plain was another front for the transfer of cocaine from Colombia to the United States through Jamaica. During the Seaga period, the planes that were leased to fly out the winter vegetables flew from Colombia before collecting the ‘vegetables’ from Jamaica. At this period International Lease Financing Corp, the Los Angeles-based aircraft leasing division of AIG, was the biggest force in the leasing of planes. AIG worked closely with the US intelligence services to the point where the Chief Executive Officer of AIG was once under consideration to become the director of the CIA. The agricultural complex called Springs Plain employed Lester Coke as known as Jim Brown as Head of Security and it was while at Spring Plain when Jim Brown built up his expertise to smuggle drugs from Colombia via Jamaica to the United States and the United Kingdom.

After the end of the Cold War and the defeat of Edward Seaga, Tisona was arrested and jailed in the United States on charges of fraud and money laundering. In 1997, an Israeli Knesset committee report named Eli Tisona and his brother, Ezra, as being the country’s two most powerful drug lords. Tisona was jailed in the US in 1999. By 1992 Jim Brown died mysteriously in a fire while awaiting extradition to the USA. His son Christopher ‘Dudus’ Coke inherited the organisational structures developed by Jim Brown.

Seaga and the Shower Posse

Claude Massop (the top gun man for Seaga) had been an acquaintance of Bob Marley in the concrete jungle that Bob Marley wailed about early in his singing career. They had both traversed the tenement yards of pick up football and early reggae culture.  The reggae world had been shaken by the ‘ambush in the night’ of December 1976. Massop crossed the CIA by agreeing to the peace concert with the PNP’s Buckie Marshall. For this he was shot, dead. [[20]]

After the death of Massop, Lester Coke, – Jim Brown became the chief lieutenant of Edward Seaga in Tivoli gardens during the period of CIA destabilisation. “One of Lester Coke’s associates, Cecil Connor, would claim that he was trained by the CIA to fight political wars for the JLP through killing and spying. Connor would stuff ballot boxes and intimidate voters to help the JLP win elections. Connor would go on from being a political thug to being part of the international Jamaican based cocaine ring known as the Shower Posse. He wound up testifying against Lester Coke and his cohort Vivian Blake, only to return to his native St Kitts to become a drug kingpin who almost held the country hostage.”[[21]]

The saga of the efforts to extradite Dudus from Jamaica is still fresh in the minds of Jamaicans and many remember that Dudus said that he did not want to suffer the same fate as his father or his brother. After the elimination of Claude Massop, the forces of Lester Coke organised the Shower Posse in Tivoli with a worldwide reach into Canada, the USA, Europe and other parts of the Caribbean. Jamaica became a node in this Dark Alliance of the CIA, contras and cocaine during the period when the Seaga administration was in power, 1980-1989.

In order to establish a firm entrepreneurial basis for the distribution of cocaine in the Caribbean, the Shower Posse developed the logistical capabilities to move large volumes of cocaine through the Caribbean. According to street legend this particular posse got its name from the JLP election slogan ‘Shower’, which was a response to the PNP’s ‘Power’ that was coined from Manley’s ‘Power for the people’ slogan in the 1970s. One other source noted that the name shower had been taken from a speech by Edward Seaga where he promised that: ‘Blessings will shower from the sky and money going jingle in your pockets.’ Seaga knew that this money was not coming from the production of goods and services within Jamaica.

Edward Seaga had skilfully studied the duplicity of the war on drugs in order to manipulate the Jamaican electorate on the integration of Jamaica in the international money laundering business. When Seaga lost the elections in 1989, Jim Brown had accumulated enough knowledge of the Springs Plain logistics to be able to move between the USA and Jamaica with the support of the infrastructures that had been perfected by Tisona and the CIA. When Jim Brown decided to be independent of Edward Seaga, he was arrested and held in jail in Jamaica. Jim Brown had agreed to testify in the USA about the infrastructure of the Shower Posse and its link to JLP politicians. Before he could testify, Brown lost his life in a mysterious fire in his jail cell in Jamaica.

The dominant Jamaica newspaper, the Daily Gleaner wrote on the rise of Dudus in this way, “The lives of the Coke family members changed again dramatically one fateful Sunday morning in 1992. The senior Coke was behind bars, locked up at the high-security Tower Street Adult Correctional Centre after losing an extradition battle, when news broke that Jah T, his heir apparent, had been killed. Jah T was riding along Maxfield Avenue, St Andrew, on a motorcycle when he was attacked. The reprisals were swift and vicious. Police said at least 12 persons were killed within a two-week period. In February 1992, on the afternoon Jah T was being buried, another tragedy hit the Coke family. Jim Brown died in a mysterious fire in his cell. With the demise of the father and heir apparent, Dudus, an adopted son, was chosen to lead Tivoli Gardens over ‘Livity’, to the latter’s displeasure. [[22]]

What was remarkable about the reporting in the Jamaican newspapers at the time of the extradition of Dudus was the silence on the role of Edward Seaga in the militarisation of Tivoli Gardens. [[23]] When Seaga lost the elections in 1989, he gradually lost control over Tivoli. For a short while, the members of the Shower Posse gang continued to do the bidding of Seaga, but he did not have the resources of the state behind him to hand out contracts to the dons.  As leader of the opposition after 1989, Seaga had brought the thuggery against the leading members of his own party. Errol Anderson, Edmund Bartlett,  Karl Samuda,  Douglas  Vaz and  Pearnel  Charles were called the ‘gang of five’ and chafed under the authoritarianism of Seaga. By this time, The JLP was not a real party, but an instrument to further the goals of Seaga.  As leader of the opposition, Seaga used this group of enforcers to intimidate those who opposed his leadership. Bruce Golding left the JLP after this intimidation to form the National Democratic Movement in 1995. Such was the power of Dudus by this time that Seaga had to defer to Dudus in accepting Golding back into the JLP.

Seaga resigned as leader of the JLP in 2005 after losing four consecutive elections. Historians will now await the memoirs of Dudus to explain the power the he wielded over Edward Seaga in the latter years of his service as the Member of Parliament for West Kingston. It is already known the coercive power that Dudus held over Bruce Golding when he decided to make West Kingston his political constituency. Bruce Golding was the Prime Minister of Jamaica, but Dudus Coke was referred to as President. When the US government instigated charges against Dudus, the vigour with which the Prime Minister of Jamaica moved to halt the extradition led to Golding representing himself as an anti-imperialist. To delay Coke’s extradition, Golding authorised the retention of a US law firm—for a hundred thousand dollars per quarter—to lobby officials in Washington. Bruce Golding suffered the indignities of association with gunmen and the Shower Posse, reaping the rewards of the seeds that had been sown by Edward Seaga.

Golding had placed his reputation on the line by defending Dudus and employing the US law firm to fight the extradition. While defending Dudus, Bruce Golding, as Prime Minister, later reversed himself when the US government intensified the pressures by withholding visas for members of the ruling party. Golding then unleashed the army against the citizens of Tivoli, while he well knew that Dudus was not in Tivoli but holed up in a government house in the rural areas of Jamaica.  Dudus was captured in a roadblock on his way to Kingston to hand himself over to the US embassy. Dudus was extradited to the USA and is now serving a long sentence in a minimum-security prison in the USA (The full history Edward Seaga and the Shower Posse is to be written).

Edward Seaga and the debasement of Africans in Jamaica

The mass of the people of Jamaica had struggled against exploitation and slave like conditions.  These working people had cut the sugar cane, planted the bananas, picked the pimento, and grew the foodstuff that fed the society. Colonialism exploited their labour and denigrated them as human beings. These people rebelled to get better working conditions. The 1938 rebellion was the high point of these worker protests. Out of these protests, Alexander Bustamante formed a political vehicle called the JLP. Working class persons from the grassroots embraced this formation and such was the loyalty to Bustamante that some workers shouted that, “I will follow Bustamante till I die”.

Despite this commitment to Bustamante, there had been a vibrant opposition party called the PNP and the quality of the political leadership in Jamaica was world class, with high levels of tolerance for opposing ideas. The competition between Noel Nethersole of the PNP and Lynden Newland of the JLP as opposing trade unionists in the 1944 elections would be a textbook case in the kind of civility that was possible in Jamaica among politicians. Gradually in the wake of international Cold War dictates and intense competition for power, the JLP deserted the working people. However, the full departure from the demands of the working people came when the JLP came under the control of Edward Seaga.

The debasement of the working peoples was on two fronts. The first was the establishment of sweat shop conditions to erode the gains of the workers after 1938. Seaga boasted of his ability to attract foreign capital to exploit non-union labour. This foreign capital was integrated into narco banking.  Scamming and murder are the two legacies of the Seaga energy in establishing the Caribbean Basin Initiative. The second debasement was the escalation of gun violence and the development of garrison communities. Unemployment and the use of thugs acted as a coercive force that was more rigorous that simply state violence.

Thuggery and violence, sweat shop conditions and the general hustling and opportunistic culture bequeathed by Seaga to ensure that hundreds of thousands of Jamaicans opted to leave the violence and thuggery of this centre for money laundering and the illicit global economy. This cancer of cocaine, guns, violence, scamming and money laundering then spread throughout the Caribbean.  Charles Miller or Cecil Connor would go on to ensnare St Kitts and the Bahamas into this new front for the illicit global economy.

The thuggery and violence of this period of Jamaican history eroded the basic values of decency in the society. Being a bad man was now the ambition of many youths. Hustling of the poor came with this new political culture, while the Cayman Islands became one of the biggest offshore centres for narco banking.

No institution in Jamaica could escape the stain of rottenness that Edward Seaga had bequeathed on the society. After being chased out of Tivoli by Dudus, Seaga sought to reinvent himself as a social scientist. His short stint at the University of the West Indies belied his own ambivalent relationship to the University. One former Vice Chancellor, Rex Nettleford used very sophisticated language to mock Seaga’s claim to be a rigorous social scientist. This sophistication was necessary because Nettleford understood the vindictiveness of Edward Seaga in Jamaica. Anthony Abrahams had understood this vindictiveness when he attempted to come clean on the relationships between Seaga, money laundering and Tisona.

Edward Seaga is dead. Jamaican and Caribbean scholars can now lift the self-censorship that they had imposed on themselves during the lifetime of Seaga. The Jamaican society will need to heal from the wounds inflicted by Seaga to show the world that Africans in Jamaica were not Born Fi Dead. The sufferers struggled for the decriminalisation of marijuana. They are now poised to demilitarise the society. But before that point of demilitarisation can be reached, the truth about Seaga must become public knowledge. In this way the traditions of peace and love will take precedence over the culture of blood and fire.

*Horace Campbell is Professor of African American Studies and Political Science at Syracuse University. He served as the Third Distinguished Kwame Nkrumah Chair at the Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana, 2016-2018. He is the author of Rasta and Resistance: From Marcus Garvey to Walter Rodney, Africa World Press, 1985.

 

By: Horace Campbell

Edward Seaga And The Institutionalization Of Thuggery, Violence And Dehumanization In Jamaica
AfricanGlobe.Net

With Bullets And Beatings Saudi Arabia Is Forcing Ethiopians Out

Fri, 2019-08-16 20:33

With Bullets And Beatings Saudi Arabia Is Forcing Ethiopians Out

Saudi Arabia is one of the most barbarous countries in the world.

AFRICANGLOBE – When police arrested Tayib Mohammed at the southern border of Saudi Arabia, they seized all his worldly possessions and set them on fire.

The 45-year-old undocumented Ethiopian migrant was trying to cross from Yemen after a five-day trek through the bush. “They told me to undress,” he recalled several weeks later in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, wearing sandals and pyjamas. “They took away everything I had – phone, clothes, money. They burned them in front of me.”

Tayib is one of roughly 10,000 Ethiopians deported every month from Saudi Arabia since 2017, when authorities there stepped up a hardline campaign to remove undocumented immigrants. Roughly 300,000 have returned since March of that year, according to the latest International Organization for Migration (IOM) figures, with special flights loaded with deportees arriving at Addis Ababa airport each week.

The number of Ethiopians living in Saudi Arabia is unknown, but before the start of the campaign there were thought to be about half a million, often working low-skilled and poorly paid jobs in construction and domestic service. Most reach the kingdom via the perilous Red Sea crossing from Djibouti to wartorn Yemen, which gets little international attention but receives a much higher number of undocumented migrants than the Mediterranean crossing to Europe. Most are escaping poverty and unemployment back home.

Hundreds of thousands of Ethiopians were deported in a chaotic previous crackdown conducted between 2013 and 2014. Though the numbers are higher this time, the situation has gone largely unnoticed.

“They’ve systematised the deportation machine now,” said Adam Coogle of Human Rights Watch (HRW).

Deportees like Tayib return empty-handed and report serious abuses by Saudi police and prison guards. A few have returned in such poor health that they died shortly after arriving at the airport in Addis Ababa. Some had untreated bullet wounds.

Saudi Arabia is one of few countries not to have ratified the main international treaties relevant to immigration detention. According to the Geneva-based Global Detention Project, the line between immigration detention and criminal incarceration in Saudi Arabia is often unclear.

There is no independent oversight of detention practices, and the last prison visit conducted by an independent human rights organisation was by HRW in 2006. Coogle says there are at least 10 facilities, including prisons, used for immigrant detention inside Saudi Arabia, but the precise figure is not known.

“They are treated like animals in these prisons,” said one aid worker.

A Saudi official denied the allegations. An official told reporters that “no patient is deported until after their treatment and recovery” and that “no offender is deported by force”.

“All procedures for dealing with cases of illness, childcare, and deportation of offenders are carried out with the oversight of the diplomatic missions of their respective countries,” the official added.

Tayib said that in the first facility, where he stayed for five days, he received no food or water in the first 24 hours. When he and other inmates started complaining, some were taken outside and beaten. When food eventually arrived it consisted of only a plate of rice between six of them.

Beatings, he said, were commonplace: “Even without you saying or doing anything, they beat you. We didn’t know the reason. They punched us with their hands and when they got tired they would start kicking. It’s like a sport.”

Other former detainees recant similar stories, as did those interviewed by HRW for a new report.

The most notorious detention facility is in Al Dayer, in southern Saudi Arabia’s Jizan region. “These are some of the worst conditions I’ve ever heard of – really the whole nine yards,” said Coogle.

Former detainees reported abuses such as chaining inmates together; cells with overflowing toilets, forcing inmates to sit in faeces and urine; food thrown through cell windows so that inmates fight over scraps; prohibiting Muslims from praying, and tearing crosses off the necklaces of Christian inmates; and an absence of clean water or sanitation.

Former detainee Abdulrahim Sofian said that guards trod on his back as a form of punishment, and repeatedly called him and other detainees “dogs” or “animals”.

Like Tayib, his possessions, including clothes, were confiscated: “We left everything there,” he said, wearing an Ethiopian Airlines blanket as a shawl.

Saudi authorities are also accused of detaining and deporting minors, despite the country having signed and ratified the convention on the rights of the child, which indicates that children should not be detained on account of their migration status.

“Children are among the several thousands of people arriving each week from Saudi Arabia and we are particularly worried about them as they require special protection and social assistance,” said Mohamed Morchid, country director for Médecins Sans Frontières in Ethiopia.

A Saudi official denied the allegation: “Children are not deported except with their parents, and children are not subject to any penalty.

“Children whose parents are not known are kept in social care facilities with Saudi children.”

IOM figures show that 6% of those returned since March 2017 were minors, though aid workers said the prevalence of false documentation means the true figure may be higher. We spoke to two deportees who said they were 15 years old, though the laissez-passer documents (“safe conduct” passes) granted by the Saudi authorities claimed they were adults.

There are very few organisations in the capital able to take care of minors, which means the majority end up on the streets shortly after arriving back in Ethiopia.

Ethiopia has drawn close to Saudi Arabia since Abiy Ahmed made the kingdom his first overseas visit – and accepted offers of financial aid – after he became prime minister last year.

“It is clear the Ethiopian government doesn’t want to make any issue with the Saudis about this,” said one aid worker.

Berhanu Aberra, director for overseas employment at Ethiopia’s ministry of labour and social affairs, said his government was working “with the respective Saudi bodies to respect and protect the dignity, rights and safety of our citizens” and to ensure all are “treated safely until back home”.

The Ethiopian government has also spoken warmly of Saudi Arabia as a partner, noting that it is paying for transport for deportees.

But aid agencies said they need more support.

The IOM has estimated that $23.8m is needed to assist returnees with reintegration efforts. Last year, Saudi Arabia reportedly promised $30m to help but this has not yet materialised. The EU has refused to offer funding to assist with returns to Ethiopia from the Gulf.

Meanwhile, despite the dangers, migrants from Ethiopia and the Horn of Africa continue to make the journey to Saudi Arabia in persistently large numbers.

Danielle Botti of the Mixed Migration Centre said the number of arrivals in Yemen in April and May – at least 18,000 a month – were the highest recorded since 2006. The MMC estimates that more than 10% of these could be making repeat journeys.

“What they need is social support,” said one aid worker. “Because otherwise they go again and again.”

With Bullets And Beatings Saudi Arabia Is Forcing Ethiopians Out
AfricanGlobe.Net

Scientists Confirm July As The Hottest Month Since Records Began

Fri, 2019-08-16 18:03

Scientists Confirm July As The Hottest Month Since Records Began

Global warming is a fact.

AFRICANGLOBE – Data from thousands of surface monitoring stations worldwide, including ocean buoys in the Pacific and land-based thermometers dotting the continents, show that July 2019 was the warmest month on Earth since at least 1850.

Berkeley Earth, an independent climate monitoring and research organization, released data Thursday showing last month beat August 2016 for the title of the warmest month by 0.14 degrees (0.08 Celsius).

“Though the margin is small, given the uncertainty range, we consider July 2019 to have set a new record for the highest monthly average temperature,” the organization said in an analysis.

Previously, the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service had found that July 2019 was the warmest month on record, though by a small margin compared to its previous hottest month on record.

The NOAA also announced Thursday that July was the warmest month on record, with the global average surface temperature coming in at 1.71 degrees (0.95 Celsius) warmer than the 20th century average.

According to Deke Arndt, head of climate monitoring for NOAA, July 2019 marked the 415th straight month that was warmer than the 20th century average.

In keeping with accelerating global warming, nine of the 10 warmest Julys have occurred since 2005, NOAA found.

July brought extreme heat to Europe, and massive wildfires to the Arctic, including Alaska, Siberia and even Greenland, as well as a record and sudden melt event to the Greenland Ice Sheet.

During the European heat wave in late July, Sweden set a record for the warmest temperature observed in that country north of the Arctic Circle, NOAA reported, with a maximum temperature of 94.6 degrees (34.8 Celsius) in Markusvinsa on July 26.

At the end of the month, both Arctic sea ice and Antarctic sea ice were at their lowest levels on record for the month, missing a total of 1 million square miles of ice, according to NOAA. If this were a country, Arndt said, it would be the 10th largest nation worldwide.

What makes the July temperature record, as well as the year-to-date trajectory, stand out so much is that there is no longer an El Niño event in the tropical Pacific Ocean.

Such natural climate cycles feature warmer than average ocean temperatures that send extra heat into the atmosphere, boosting the planet’s average temperature. A particularly strong El Niño during 2016 propelled that year to record levels, yet in 2019 there has only been a weak El Niño that recently dissipated entirely.

This demonstrates how, due to increased concentrations of greenhouse gases in the air from the burning of fossil fuels, the climate no longer needs a strong natural extra dose of warming in order to set a new temperature milestone.

“If you think about climate change as long-term gain on an escalator, kind of riding it up over time, and El Niño and La Niña kind of jumping up and down on that escalator,” Arndt told reporters on a conference call.

He said the fact that July was in the vicinity of a record without a strong El Niño being present is “almost entirely due to climate change.”

Ominously, Berkeley Earth found that July 2019 was 2.20 degrees (1.22 Celsius) warmer than the 1850 to 1900 average, which is often used as the baseline for preindustrial temperatures.

In the Paris climate agreement, world leaders committed to keeping long-term global average surface temperatures to “well below” 3.6 degrees (2 Celsius) compared to preindustrial levels, but they have not followed through on making the massive cuts to greenhouse gas emissions that are required to meet that goal. The United States shaped that agreement, but the Trump administration announced it would withdraw from it.

Berkeley Earth found that during July, 73 percent of the Earth’s surface was “significantly warmer” than the 1951-1980 average, with just 5.9 percent of the globe significantly colder.

Warm areas that stood out include Alaska, Greenland, Europe, Africa, and parts of Asia and Antarctica. “We estimate that 4.7 percent of the Earth’s surface set a new local record for the warmest July monthly average. In July 2019, no places on Earth experienced a record cold monthly average,” the report states.

In addition, NASA found that July was 1.67 degrees (0.93 Celsius) above the 20th century average, making it the warmest July and “vies for the warmest month in absolute terms with August 2016” in its record.

Separately, the Japan Meteorological Agency also found July 2019 was the warmest month on record, though it was in a virtual tie with July 2016.

2019 Is A Lock For A Top 5 Warmest Year

Berkeley Earth’s analysis found that 2019 is unlikely to set a new record for the warmest year, largely because the January through May period was colder than the same period in 2016.

Instead, researchers found there is a 90 percent chance that 2019 will wind up as the second-warmest year since instrumental records began.

According to NOAA’s Arndt, there’s a 100 percent chance that 2019 winds up being a top-5 warmest year, and it will most likely be the 2nd, 3rd or 4th warmest year, depending how temperatures rank between August and December.

 

By: Andrew Freedman

Scientists Confirm July As The Hottest Month Since Records Began
AfricanGlobe.Net

Reagan’s Racist Phone Call With Nixon Revealed

Fri, 2019-08-16 02:12

Reagan’s Racist Phone Call With Nixon Revealed

Ronald Reagan was a staunch racist, just like most American politicians.

AFRICANGLOBE – Newly released audio recordings have revealed then California governor, Ronald Reagan, calling up former President Richard Nixon to let loose his frustration with the Tanzanian delegates.

In the recordings, Reagan can be heard saying: “Last night, I tell you, to watch that thing on television as I did.” Nixon replies: “Yeah,” to which Reagan adds: “To see those, those monkeys from those African countries—damn them, they’re still uncomfortable wearing shoes!” Nixon is then heard laughing at Reagan’s comment.

This October 1971 exchange came after the UN took its vote to seat a delegation from Beijing instead of from Taiwan in 1971 and members of the Tanzanian delegation started dancing in the General Assembly in celebration.

Reagan, a loyal defender of Taiwan, described the UN as a “kangaroo court” filled with “bums,” and he wanted the US to withdraw from full participation immediately.

The exchange was taped by Nixon and obtained by the National Archives, who released the tapes in 2000. However, the racist portion was withheld to protect Reagan’s privacy.

It was not until late 2018 that the National Archives began a more in-depth review of the earliest Nixon tapes, as Reagan’s death in 2004 meant all privacy concerns were void.

It is alleged that the primary purpose of Reagan’s call to Nixon was to advise him to withdraw the US from the United Nations, but Reagan’s racists complaints about the African delegates quickly became the focal point.

In another recording, Nixon can be heard confiding in then secretary of state William Rogers, as he says: “As you can imagine, there’s strong feeling that we just shouldn’t, as [Reagan] said, he saw these—these, uh, these cannibals on television last night.

“Christ, they weren’t even wearing shoes, and here the United States is going to submit its fate to that, and so forth and so on.”

 

By: Juenelle Muge

 

All Non-Africans Part Neanderthal 

Reagan’s Racist Phone Call With Nixon Revealed
AfricanGlobe.Net

African Nations To Fight Illegal Western Sanctions On Zimbabwe

Fri, 2019-08-16 01:25

African Nations To Fight Illegal Western Sanctions On Zimbabwe

Western sanctions have been crippling Zimbabwe for decades.

AFRICANGLOBE – Removal of sanctions against Zimbabwe will top the agenda of the coming summit of the Heads of State and Government of the Southern Africa Development Community (Sadc).

The minister for Foreign Affairs and East African Cooperation Palamagamba Kabudi said this was one of the recommendations which will be presented to the regional leaders during their Summit over the weekend.

He told journalists at the end of the bloc’s session of the Council of Ministers on Wednesday that the decision was arrived at because the situation in the once troubled southern Africa country has normalized.

“The situation in Zimbabwe has normalized with the recent successful elections and a new political dispensation”, he told journalists at the end of the meeting late Wednesday.

Prof Kabudi said Sadc countries do not see any reason why sanctions imposed against Zimbabwe – a bonafide Sadc member – some years ago should continue.

The sanctions were imposed by the western countries nearly 20 years ago during the leadership of the president Robert Mugabe following the reclamation of commercial farms from white settlers who forcibly took over the land from Zimbabweans.

 

By: Zephania Ubwani

 

Why They Hate Robert Mugabe – THEBLACKCHANNEL.NET

African Nations To Fight Illegal Western Sanctions On Zimbabwe
AfricanGlobe.Net

Joe Biden’s Frontrunner Status Is A Media-Driven Mirage

Fri, 2019-08-16 00:23

Joe Biden’s Frontrunner Status Is A Media-Driven Mirage

Joe Biden is against reparations for Black people.

AFRICANGLOBE – According to RealClearPolitics’ polling average, former Vice President Joe Biden has the support of 30.8% of Democrats. But that can’t be true–an NBC News/ WSJ survey conducted a month ago found that only 12 percent of Democratic voters had decided on a candidate. Unless that number has risen to over 90 percent in the past month–the Dem candidates’ cumulative total in RCP’s average–then this is simply a measure of which way voters are leaning when pressed for an answer by a pollster. That conclusion is supported by a recent USC Dornsife/Los Angeles Times poll which found that 51 percent of likely Democratic primary voters had shifted their preferences at least once since its April survey.

As I pointed out a couple of weeks back, prior to the 2008 cycle, most pollsters didn’t bother surveying the presidential race before October or November of the prior year because it was widely understood that a majority of primary voters don’t start paying close attention until a couple of months before the first votes are cast.

Poll after poll finds that at present, Biden’s “support,” such as it is, is based largely on the perception that he is the Democrat most likely to beat Trump. This is the product of a media feedback loop. Most voters aren’t really tuned into the race yet, but even casual observers see dozens of headlines like, “Joe Biden’s electability argument is backed up by the numbers (for now)” (CNN), “Biden leads Democrats as minorities favor most electable candidate vs Trump” (Reuters) and “Early-State Democrats See Joe Biden As A Pragmatic, Electable Placeholder…” (Buzzfeed News). So they get the general impression that he’s the best positioned to win–or at least that other people think he is–and since most of them favor the ability to thrash Trump over other considerations, when they’re asked by a pollster who they think is the most electable candidate and which way they’re leaning at this point, they say Biden. And then that poll generates a bunch of new headlines about voters seeing him as their best shot against Trump and on it goes.

The bad news is that in a crowded field, the storyline that Joe Biden is a magical white-working-class-whisperer could propel a deeply flawed candidate to the nomination. Biden may be a thoroughly decent guy, but he has run two terrible campaigns in the past. More importantly, he’s a politician of another era with no filter between is brain and his mouth. If he were to become the nominee, he would end up having to spend much of his time explaining away the latest “gaffe” rather than prosecuting the case against Trump. And while Trump is a doddering illiterate who’s faced dozens of charges of sexual harassment and abuse, he’s also a master of projection and would have an easy time painting Biden as creepy around women and in a state of cognitive decline.

The good news is that over the past few weeks, the media coverage of Biden appears to have shifted from whether he can “win back” those white guys in Pennsylvania and Ohio to a relentless, and yes, contradictory, focus on his flubs, both real and contrived. It’s the Al Gore model and as we learned in 2000, it can be absolutely devastating for a candidate.

As we get closer and more voters tune in, they’re likely to be treated to an endless stream of stories about Biden saying something offensive, demonstrating that he’s out-of-touch with the 21st century or losing marbles. It won’t matter if those stories are substantive or cheap gotcha journalism. The narrative will likely puncture his aura of electability and should bring his polling numbers down to where they would be without it.

 

By: Joshua Holland

Joe Biden’s Frontrunner Status Is A Media-Driven Mirage
AfricanGlobe.Net

12-Year Old Shot In The Knee By SWAT Even Though His Hands Were Up

Thu, 2019-08-15 23:34

12-Year Old Shot In The Knee By SWAT Even Though His Hands Were Up

What are we going to do to protect black children like Amir Worship from racist police violence?

AFRICANGLOBE – Amir Worship, a 12-year old unarmed boy from Illinois, will never walk normally again after SWAT officers suddenly entered his home and bedroom shot him without warning even though he already had his hands up and was in his own bed.

On the morning of May 26th, a SWAT team executed a search warrant on Amir’s family home to look for Mitchell Thurman, the live-in boyfriend of Amir’s mother who was accused of drug and gun charges. They raided their house holding automatic rifles and throwing flash-bang grenades.

Amir, who was sleeping just moments before, was sitting on his bed shirtless when police officers burst into his room and shot him in the knee as he held his hand up.

His mother heard him shouting in pain after and asked the police what was happening. But she said police lied to her and told her that they “shot someone walking past outside.” They also physically restrained her so she could not help her son. She wasn’t allowed to even go to the hospital where Amir was taken.

The family has now reportedly filed a lawsuit against the city of Country Club Hills in Illinois, the village of Richton Park, and several police officers. The lawsuit claims a SWAT team “needlessly and recklessly terrorized and injured” Amir and his 13-year old brother, who was handcuffed very tightly that it left marks on his wrists.

Because of the shooting, Amir’s kneecap was damaged and he won’t be able to run or walk normally and play sports again. He has been in the hospital several times after his injury got infected.

Moreover, Amir and his brothers have also shown signs of post-traumatic stress disorder, according to the lawsuit.

The family is suing for damages in excess of $50,000, alleging negligence, willful and wanton conduct, assault, battery, false arrest and imprisonment, and emotional distress.

“There is a silent epidemic of trauma being perpetrated upon the children and families of color by Chicago and South Suburban police barreling into the wrong homes, handcuffing innocent adults, holding guns on children, handcuffing children, trashing their homes, refusing to show warrants, and screaming dehumanizing commands,” said Al Hofeld Jr., the family’s lawyer. “Now, children are being shot in their beds.”

12-Year Old Shot In The Knee By SWAT Even Though His Hands Were Up
AfricanGlobe.Net

Innocent Man Who Spent 30 Yrs In Prison Award $9.75M, Prosecutor Not Charged

Thu, 2019-08-15 23:10

Innocent Man Who Spent 30 Yrs In Prison Award $9.75M, Prosecutor Not Charged

Mark Denny is a victim of judicial white supremacy.

AFRICANGLOBE – Mark Denny, a man who was wrongly imprisoned for almost 30 years for a rape and robbery he didn’t commit, has been awarded a $9.75 million settlement from the city of New York. In exchange, Denny had to surrender his right to file a potential $50 million lawsuit against the city and the NYPD that would have claimed that police officers framed him.

In December 1987, then-17-year old Denny was one of the four men accused of robbery at a Burger King in Brooklyn and rape of an 18-year old female employee. In February 1989, he was convicted of rape, sodomy, robbery, and coercion charges and was sentenced to up to 57 years in prison.

Denny has always maintained his innocence until he was finally exonerated in December 2017. An investigation by the Brooklyn District Attorney’s Office determined he did not commit the crime. The Innocence Project reached out to the Kings County District Attorney’s Conviction Review Unit, which further proved that Denny wasn’t at Burger King at the time of the incident.

Moreover, in March 2018, Denny filed a “notice of claim” alleging that he was “targeted and framed” by more than a dozen NYPD detectives investigating the crime.

According to the claim, the detectives allegedly fabricated evidence against him and refused to confirm his alibi. It also accuses them of “intentionally refusing to investigate other obvious leads” as they failed to immediately test hair, fingernail scrapings and other forensic evidence collected from the scene after the crime.

Denny alleges in the claim that detectives made “false representation” and used “outright suggestion to induce” the victim, who was blindfolded during most of the attack, to identify him “at a live lineup after she failed to identify [him] in a photo lineup… as one of the perpetrators.”

It also claims Denny “has suffered, and continues to suffer, severe and ongoing damages,” including “physical and emotional pain and suffering, physical sickness… loss of familial relationships,” loss of income and damage to his reputation.

To avoid a potential $50 million lawsuit, Comptroller Scott Stringer discreetly agreed to approve paying Denny a $9.75 million settlement. On May 24, Denny signed on “general release” papers, agreeing not to sue the city and hold it liable for his arrest and incarceration.

“It was in the best interest of the city to settle pre-litigation,” said Stringer spokeswoman Hazel Crampton-Hays.

Innocent Man Who Spent 30 Yrs In Prison Award $9.75M, Prosecutor Not Charged
AfricanGlobe.Net

Israel Bans Ilhan Omar From Entering The ‘Jewish State’

Thu, 2019-08-15 22:14

Israel Bans Ilhan Omar From Entering The ‘Jewish State’

Ilhan Omar is a member of the US Congress.

AFRICANGLOBE – Israel has apparently decided to bar Reps. Ilhan Omar and Rashida Tlaib from entering the country on Friday after fierce debates on the contentious matter involving Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and various ministers, according to a report Thursday.

The reason cited for their ban is reportedly “suspected provocations and promotion of BDS,” a reference to the anti-Israel boycott movement, according to the Times of Israel, which cited a report by local Channel 12.

Interior Minister Aryeh Deri made the decision to bar the US lawmakers from entering the country on Friday, according to the report.

The freshman lawmakers — the first two Muslim women elected to Congress and two of Israel’s sharpest critics — have voiced support for the pro-Palestinian Boycott, Divestment, Sanctions movement against the Jewish state.

According to Channel 12, which did not cite a source, the final decision was being drafted and subject to revisions before the move is publicly announced.

Omar (D-Minn.) and Tlaib (D-Mich.) planned to tour the flashpoint site of the Temple Mount in the Old City of Jerusalem, as well as the West Bank, according to Channel 13.

Their trip was planned by Miftah, a nonprofit organization led by Palestinian lawmaker and veteran peace negotiator Hanan Ashrawi.

Netanyahu met Wednesday with Deri, Foreign Minister Israel Katz, Public Security Minister Gilad Erdan, National Security Council head Meir Ben-Shabbat and Attorney General Avichai Mandelblit to discuss the matter, the paper reported.

“The possibility exists that Israel will not allow the visit as currently planned,” a diplomatic official said earlier Thursday, speaking to reporters on condition of anonymity. “The professional and legal teams in the Prime Minister’s Office are still studying the material.”

An official told the newspaper earlier that if Tlaib, who is of Palestinian heritage, made a special humanitarian request to visit her family in the occupied West Bank, it “would be considered favorably.”

Under Israeli law, backers of the BDS movement can be denied entry to the country, but Israeli Ambassador to the US Ron Dermer last month said they would be allowed in out of respect for the US-Israeli relationship.

President Trump — who has criticized the congresswomen on Twitter in an apparent effort to cast their views as the face of the Democratic Party — was unhappy at Israel’s original decision not to bar them, according to Channel 13.

White House press secretary Stephanie Grisham has denied that Trump had ever given any kind of directive to the Israelis.

“The Israeli government can do what they want. It’s fake news,” Grisham told Axios.

Denying entry to the congresswomen could further strain relations between Netanyahu, who has highlighted his close ties with Trump, and the Democratic leadership in Congress.

 

By: Yaron Steinbuch

 

How Israel Secretly Sterilized Its Black Population

 

Israel Bans Ilhan Omar From Entering The ‘Jewish State’
AfricanGlobe.Net

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